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Research Article

Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles

  • Gunther Eysenbach

    Affiliation: Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, University Health Network; and Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Published: May 16, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040157
  • Published in PLOS Biology

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Citation Advantage For OA Self-Archiving Is Independent of Journal Impact Factor, Article Age, and Number of Co-Authors

Posted by plosbiology on 07 May 2009 at 22:15 GMT

Author: Stevan Harnad
Position: Canada Research Chair
Institution: Universite du Quebec a Montreal
E-mail: harnad@ecs.soton.ac.uk
Additional Authors: Chawki Hajjem
Submitted Date: January 22, 2007
Published Date: February 5, 2007
This comment was originally posted as a “Reader Response” on the publication date indicated above. All Reader Responses are now available as comments.

<br /><center><b>Click [ http://openaccess.eprints... ] to access the hyperlinked full text, data, and figures reporting these findings.</b></center><br /> Eysenbach [ http://biology.plosjourna... ] has suggested that the OA (Green) self-archiving advantage [ http://opcit.eprints.org/... ] might just be an artifact of potential uncontrolled confounding factors such as article age (older articles maybe both more cited and more likely to be self-archived), number of authors (articles with more authors might be more cited and more self-archived), subject matter (the subjects that are cited more, self-archive more), country (same thing),number of authors, citation counts of authors, etc.<br /> Chawki Hajjem (doctoral candidate, UQaM) [ http://www.crsc.uqam.ca/l... ] had already shown [ http://eprints.ecs.soton.... ] that the OA advantage was present in all cases when articles were analysed separately by age, subject matter or country. He has now done a multiple regression analysis jointly testing (1) article age, (2) journal impact factor, (3) number of authors, and (4) OA self-archiving as separate factors for 442,750 articles in 576 (biomedical) journals across 11 years, and has shown that each of the four factors contributes an independent, statistically significant increment to the citation counts. The OA-self-archiving advantage remains a robust, independent factor. <br /> Having successfully responded to his challenge, we now challenge Eysenbach to demonstrate -- by testing a sufficiently broad and representative sample of journals at all levels of the journal quality, visibility and prestige hierarchy -- that hisfinding of a citation advantage for Gold OA articles (published OA on the high-profile website of the only journal he tested (PNAS [ http://www.pnas.org/ ]) over Green OA articles in the same journal (self-archived on the author's website) was not just an artifact of having tested only one very high-profile journal.<br /><br /> <b>REFERENCES</b><br />Brody, T., Harnad, S. and Carr, L. (2005) Earlier Web Usage Statistics as Predictors of Later Citation Impact [ http://eprints.ecs.soton.... ]. <i>Journal of the American Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST)</i> 57(8) pp. 1060-1072.<br />Eysenbach G (2006) Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles. <i>PLoS Biology</i> 4(5) e157 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040157<br />Hajjem, C., &amp; Harnad, S. (2007a) Citation Advantage For OA Self-Archiving Is Independent of Journal Impact Factor, Article Age, and Number of Co-Authors [ http://openaccess.eprints... ]<br />Hajjem, C., &amp; Harnad, S. (2007b) The Open Access Citation Advantage: Quality Advantage Or Quality Bias? [ http://openaccess.eprints... ]<br />Hajjem, C., Harnad, S. &amp; Gingras, Y. (2005) Ten-Year Cross-Disciplinary Comparison of the Growth of Open Access and How it Increases Research Citation Impact [ http://eprints.ecs.soton.... ]. <i>IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin</i> 28(4) pp. 39-47.<br />Harnad, S. (2006) PLoS, Pipe-Dreams and Peccadillos [ http://biology.plosjourna... ]. <i>PLoS Biology Responses</i>.<br />MacCallum CJ &amp; Parthasarathy H (2006) Open Access Increases Citation Rate. PLoS Biol 4(5) : e176 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040176<br />Moed, H. F. (2006) The effect of 'Open Access' upon citation impact: An analysis of ArXiv's Condensed Matter Section [ http://arxiv.org/abs/cs.D... ]<br /><br /><b>Chawki Hajjem &amp; Stevan Harnad</b><br /><br />

Competing interests declared: Not sure: Green OA is not competing with Gold OA. OA is OA. Is Gold OA competing with Green OA?