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Research Article

The Abundance of Short Proteins in the Mammalian Proteome

  • Martin C Frith,

    Affiliations: Genome Exploration Research Group (Genome Network Project Core Group), RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, Yokohama, Japan, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Alistair R Forrest,

    Affiliation: Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Ehsan Nourbakhsh,

    Affiliation: Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Ken C Pang,

    Affiliations: Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia

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  • Chikatoshi Kai,

    Affiliation: Genome Exploration Research Group (Genome Network Project Core Group), RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, Yokohama, Japan

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  • Jun Kawai,

    Affiliations: Genome Exploration Research Group (Genome Network Project Core Group), RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, Yokohama, Japan, Genome Science Laboratory, Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN Wako Institute, Wako, Japan

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  • Piero Carninci,

    Affiliations: Genome Exploration Research Group (Genome Network Project Core Group), RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, Yokohama, Japan, Genome Science Laboratory, Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN Wako Institute, Wako, Japan

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  • Yoshihide Hayashizaki,

    Affiliations: Genome Exploration Research Group (Genome Network Project Core Group), RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, Yokohama, Japan, Genome Science Laboratory, Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN Wako Institute, Wako, Japan

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  • Timothy L Bailey,

    Affiliation: Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Sean M Grimmond mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: s.grimmond@imb.uq.edu.au

    Affiliation: Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Published: April 28, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.0020052
  • Published in PLOS Genetics

About the Authors

Martin C Frith, Chikatoshi Kai, Jun Kawai, Piero Carninci, Yoshihide Hayashizaki
Genome Exploration Research Group (Genome Network Project Core Group), RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, Yokohama, Japan
Martin C Frith, Alistair R Forrest, Ehsan Nourbakhsh, Ken C Pang, Timothy L Bailey, Sean M Grimmond
Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Ken C Pang
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Jun Kawai, Piero Carninci, Yoshihide Hayashizaki
Genome Science Laboratory, Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN Wako Institute, Wako, Japan

Corresponding Author

Email: s.grimmond@imb.uq.edu.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MCF, ARF, KCP, JK, PC, YH, TLB, and SMG conceived and designed the experiments. MCF, ARF, EN, KCP, CK, and TLB performed the experiments. MCF, ARF, KCP, TLB, and SMG analysed the data. MCF, ARF, CK, JK, PC, YH, TLB, and SMG contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. MCF and TLB wrote the paper.