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Guidelines and Guidance

Setting Research Priorities to Reduce Almost One Million Deaths from Birth Asphyxia by 2015

  • Joy E. Lawn mail,

    joylawn@yahoo.co.uk

    Affiliation: Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Rajiv Bahl,

    Affiliation: Department for Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Staffan Bergstrom,

    Affiliation: Division of Global Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, and Averting Maternal Death and Disability Program, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Zulfiqar A. Bhutta,

    Affiliation: Division of Women & Child Health, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

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  • Gary L. Darmstadt,

    Affiliation: Family Health Division, Global Health Program, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Matthew Ellis,

    Affiliation: Community Child Health Partnership, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Mike English,

    Affiliation: KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Nairobi, Kenya, and Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

    X
  • Jennifer J. Kurinczuk,

    Affiliation: The National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Anne C. C. Lee,

    Affiliation: Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Mario Merialdi,

    Affiliation: Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Mohamed Mohamed,

    Affiliation: George Washington University, Washington, D.C., United States of America

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  • David Osrin,

    Affiliation: Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom

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  • Robert Pattinson,

    Affiliation: MRC Maternal and Infant Heath Care Strategies Research Unit at the University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

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  • Vinod Paul,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

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  • Siddarth Ramji,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

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  • Ola D. Saugstad,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Research, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, Norway

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  • Lyn Sibley,

    Affiliation: Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Nalini Singhal,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

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  • Steven N. Wall,

    Affiliation: Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children, Washington, D.C., United States of America

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  • Dave Woods,

    Affiliation: University of Cape Town and the Perinatal Education Programme, Observatory, South Africa

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  • John Wyatt,

    Affiliation: Centre for Philosophy, Justice and Health, University College of London, London, United Kingdom, and Center for Women's Health, University College of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Kit Yee Chan ,

    Affiliation: Nossal Institute of Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

    Joint senior authors.

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  • Igor Rudan

    Affiliation: Croatian Centre for Global Health, University of Split Medical School, Split, Croatia, and the Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    Joint senior authors.

    X
  • Published: January 11, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000389
  • Published in PLOS Medicine

About the Authors

Joy E. Lawn
Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children, Cape Town, South Africa
Rajiv Bahl
Department for Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Staffan Bergstrom
Division of Global Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, and Averting Maternal Death and Disability Program, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
Division of Women & Child Health, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Gary L. Darmstadt
Family Health Division, Global Health Program, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Matthew Ellis
Community Child Health Partnership, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United Kingdom
Mike English
KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Nairobi, Kenya, and Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Jennifer J. Kurinczuk
The National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Anne C. C. Lee
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Mario Merialdi
Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Mohamed Mohamed
George Washington University, Washington, D.C., United States of America
David Osrin
Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
Robert Pattinson
MRC Maternal and Infant Heath Care Strategies Research Unit at the University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Vinod Paul
Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Siddarth Ramji
Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
Ola D. Saugstad
Department of Pediatric Research, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, Norway
Lyn Sibley
Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Nalini Singhal
Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Steven N. Wall
Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children, Washington, D.C., United States of America
Dave Woods
University of Cape Town and the Perinatal Education Programme, Observatory, South Africa
John Wyatt
Centre for Philosophy, Justice and Health, University College of London, London, United Kingdom, and Center for Women's Health, University College of London, London, United Kingdom
Kit Yee Chan
Nossal Institute of Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Igor Rudan
Croatian Centre for Global Health, University of Split Medical School, Split, Croatia, and the Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: joylawn@yahoo.co.uk

Competing Interests

Zulfiqar Bhutta and David Osrin are members of the Editorial Board of PLoS Medicine. None of the other authors declare any competing interests.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: J. Lawn R. Bahl S. Bergstrom Z. Bhutta G. Darmstadt M. Ellis M. English J. Kurinczuk A. Lee M. Merialdi M. Mohamed D. Osrin R. Pattinson V. Paul S. Ramji O. Saugstad L. Sibley N. Singhal S. Wall D. Woods J. Wyatt K. Chan I. Rudan. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: J. Lawn R. Bahl S. Bergstrom Z. Bhutta G. Darmstadt M. Ellis M. English J. Kurinczuk A. Lee M. Merialdi M. Mohamed D. Osrin R. Pattinson V. Paul S. Ramji O. Saugstad L. Sibley N. Singhal S. Wall D. Woods J. Wyatt K. Chan I. Rudan. Designed the experiments/the study: J. Lawn R. Bahl S. Bergstrom G. Darmstadt I. Rudan. Analyzed the data: J. Lawn K. Chan I. Rudan. Collected data/did experiments for the study: J. Lawn M. Ellis J. Kurinczuk L. Sibley S. Wall. Wrote the first draft of the paper: J. Lawn I. Rudan. Contributed to the writing of the paper: R. Bahl S. Bergstrom Z. Bhutta G. Darmstadt M. Ellis M. English J. Kurinczuk A. Lee M. Merialdi D. Osrin R. Pattinson V. Paul O. Saugstad N. Singhal S. Wall D. Woods J. Wyatt K. Chan I. Rudan. Contributed to the scoring for the research priorities: Z. Bhutta. Was an expert collaborator who participated in the expert survey: M. Ellis. Part of expert panel providing data used: M. English. Read and agree with submission of the final version of the paper: J. Kurinczuk. The paper is based on surveying physicians & researchers who are public health experts and working in the field of decreasing mortalities related to birth process for mothers and their babies. The survey examined current and future research priorities concerning birth related mortalities. The survey was thorough and comprehensive. It required a significant amount of time to read, analyze, and answer each questions considering multiple factors. All participating experts are considered authors on this paper. I was a responder to the study: M. Mohamed. Contributed expert opinion to the process described in the paper: D. Osrin. Scored questions: R. Pattinson. Participated in the systematic assessment and ranking of the research priorities. Contributed to the interpretation of findings. Helped in refining the manuscript: V. Paul. Contributed to the technical inputs for the paper and commented on final draft of the paper: S. Ramji. Contributed with data: O. Saugstad. Helped with the coding of the different research priorities: N. Singhal. Took part as a technical expert contributing and commenting on the research questions: D. Woods. Was involved in contributing data for the research process and reviewed, checked, and approved various drafts of the manuscript: J. Wyatt.