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Review

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Translating Research into the Rapid Expansion of Services in Kenya, 2008–2011

  • Zebedee Mwandi mail,

    zmwandi@ke.cdc.gov

    Affiliation: Division of Global HIV/AIDS, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Anne Murphy,

    Affiliation: United States Agency for International Development, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Jason Reed,

    Affiliation: Division of Global HIV/AIDS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Kipruto Chesang,

    Affiliation: Division of Global HIV/AIDS, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Emmanuel Njeuhmeli,

    Affiliation: United States Agency for International Development, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America

    X
  • Kawango Agot,

    Affiliation: Impact Research and Development Organization, Kisumu, Kenya

    X
  • Emma Llewellyn,

    Affiliation: Nyanza Reproductive Health Society, Kisumu, Kenya

    X
  • Charles Kirui,

    Affiliation: Kenya Medical Research Institute—Family AIDS and Care Education Services, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Kennedy Serrem,

    Affiliation: Catholic Medical Missions Board, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Isaac Abuya,

    Affiliation: C-Change Communication for Change, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Mores Loolpapit,

    Affiliation: Family Health International, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Regina Mbayaki,

    Affiliation: Engender Health (APHIA II Nyanza), Kisumu, Kenya

    X
  • Ndungu Kiriro,

    Affiliation: Population Services International, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Peter Cherutich,

    Affiliation: Kenya National AIDS and STD Control Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Nicholas Muraguri,

    Affiliation: Kenya National AIDS and STD Control Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • John Motoku,

    Affiliation: Eastern Deanery AIDS Response Program, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Jack Kioko,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Kisumu, Kenya

    X
  • Nancy Knight,

    Affiliation: Division of Global HIV/AIDS, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Naomi Bock

    Affiliation: Division of Global HIV/AIDS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Published: November 29, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001130
  • Published in PLOS Medicine

About the Authors

Zebedee Mwandi, Kipruto Chesang, Nancy Knight
Division of Global HIV/AIDS, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
Anne Murphy
United States Agency for International Development, Nairobi, Kenya
Jason Reed, Naomi Bock
Division of Global HIV/AIDS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
United States Agency for International Development, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America
Kawango Agot
Impact Research and Development Organization, Kisumu, Kenya
Emma Llewellyn
Nyanza Reproductive Health Society, Kisumu, Kenya
Charles Kirui
Kenya Medical Research Institute—Family AIDS and Care Education Services, Nairobi, Kenya
Kennedy Serrem
Catholic Medical Missions Board, Nairobi, Kenya
Isaac Abuya
C-Change Communication for Change, Nairobi, Kenya
Mores Loolpapit
Family Health International, Nairobi, Kenya
Regina Mbayaki
Engender Health (APHIA II Nyanza), Kisumu, Kenya
Ndungu Kiriro
Population Services International, Nairobi, Kenya
Peter Cherutich, Nicholas Muraguri
Kenya National AIDS and STD Control Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
John Motoku
Eastern Deanery AIDS Response Program, Nairobi, Kenya
Jack Kioko
Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Kisumu, Kenya

Corresponding Author

Email: zmwandi@ke.cdc.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ZM AM JR KC EN KA EL CK KS IA ML RM NK PC NM JM JK NK NB. Analyzed the data: ZM AM JR KC EN KA EL CK KS IA ML RM NK PC NM JM JK NK NB. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: ZM EN NB. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: ZM AM JR KC EN KA EL CK KS IA ML RM NK PC NM JM JK NK NB. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: ZM AM JR KC EN KA EL CK KS IA ML RM NK PC NM JM JK NK NB. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: ZM AM JR KC EN KA EL CK KS IA ML RM NK PC NM JM JK NK NB.