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Research Article

The International Limits and Population at Risk of Plasmodium vivax Transmission in 2009

  • Carlos A. Guerra mail,

    carlos.guerraloaiza@zoo.ox.ac.uk (CAG); simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk (SIH)

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Rosalind E. Howes,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Anand P. Patil,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Peter W. Gething,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Thomas P. Van Boeckel,

    Affiliations: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Biological Control and Spatial Ecology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP160/12, Brussels, Belgium

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  • William H. Temperley,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Caroline W. Kabaria,

    Affiliation: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI - University of Oxford - Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Andrew J. Tatem,

    Affiliations: Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America, Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

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  • Bui H. Manh,

    Affiliation: Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Bach Mai Hospital, National Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Ha Noi, Vietnam

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  • Iqbal R. F. Elyazar,

    Affiliation: Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • J. Kevin Baird,

    Affiliations: Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Robert W. Snow,

    Affiliations: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI - University of Oxford - Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Simon I. Hay mail

    carlos.guerraloaiza@zoo.ox.ac.uk (CAG); simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk (SIH)

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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About the Authors

Carlos A. Guerra, Rosalind E. Howes, Anand P. Patil, Peter W. Gething, Thomas P. Van Boeckel, William H. Temperley, Simon I. Hay
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Thomas P. Van Boeckel
Biological Control and Spatial Ecology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP160/12, Brussels, Belgium
Caroline W. Kabaria, Robert W. Snow
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI - University of Oxford - Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
Andrew J. Tatem
Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
Andrew J. Tatem
Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
Bui H. Manh
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Bach Mai Hospital, National Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Ha Noi, Vietnam
Iqbal R. F. Elyazar, J. Kevin Baird
Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia
J. Kevin Baird
Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom
Robert W. Snow
Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SIH. Performed the experiments: CAG REH APP PWG TPVB WHT. Analyzed the data: CAG REH APP PWG TPVB WHT CWK AJT BHM IRFE JKB RWS. Wrote the paper: CAG SIH.