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Research Article

Scaling of Soaring Seabirds and Implications for Flight Abilities of Giant Pterosaurs

  • Katsufumi Sato mail,

    katsu@ori.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Affiliation: International Coastal Research Center, Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Otsuchi, Iwate, Japan

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  • Kentaro Q. Sakamoto,

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

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  • Yutaka Watanuki,

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Japan

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  • Akinori Takahashi,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Polar Research, Itabashi, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Nobuhiro Katsumata,

    Affiliation: International Coastal Research Center, Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Otsuchi, Iwate, Japan

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  • Charles-André Bost,

    Affiliation: Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé-CNRS, Villier en Bois, Beauvoir/Niort, France

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  • Henri Weimerskirch

    Affiliation: Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé-CNRS, Villier en Bois, Beauvoir/Niort, France

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  • Published: April 29, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005400
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

Katsufumi Sato, Nobuhiro Katsumata
International Coastal Research Center, Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Otsuchi, Iwate, Japan
Kentaro Q. Sakamoto
Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
Yutaka Watanuki
Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Japan
Akinori Takahashi
National Institute of Polar Research, Itabashi, Tokyo, Japan
Charles-André Bost, Henri Weimerskirch
Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé-CNRS, Villier en Bois, Beauvoir/Niort, France

Corresponding Author

Email: katsu@ori.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KS HW. Performed the experiments: KS YW AT NK CAB. Analyzed the data: KS KQS NK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KS KQS. Wrote the paper: KS AT.