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Research Article

Overestimating Fish Counts by Non-Instantaneous Visual Censuses: Consequences for Population and Community Descriptions

  • Christine Ward-Paige mail,

    globalshark@gmail.com

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

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  • Joanna Mills Flemming,

    Affiliation: Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

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  • Heike K. Lotze

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

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  • Published: July 22, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011722
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

Christine Ward-Paige, Heike K. Lotze
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Joanna Mills Flemming
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: globalshark@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CAWP. Performed the experiments: CAWP. Analyzed the data: CAWP JEMF. Wrote the paper: CAWP JEMF HKL.