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Review

The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats

  • Marta Coll mail,

    mcoll@icm.csic.es

    Affiliations: Institut de Ciències del Mar, Scientific Spanish Council (ICM-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain, Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

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  • Chiara Piroddi,

    Affiliation: Fisheries Center - Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

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  • Jeroen Steenbeek,

    Affiliation: Fisheries Center - Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

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  • Kristin Kaschner,

    Affiliation: Evolutionary Biology & Ecology Lab, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg, Germany

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  • Frida Ben Rais Lasram,

    Affiliations: Laboratoire Ecosystèmes Lagunaires UMR 5119, Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France, Laboratoire Ecosystèmes & Ressources Aquatiques UR03AGRO1, Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie, Tunis, Tunisia

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  • Jacopo Aguzzi,

    Affiliation: Institut de Ciències del Mar, Scientific Spanish Council (ICM-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain

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  • Enric Ballesteros,

    Affiliation: Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Scientific Spanish Council (CEAB-CSIC), Blanes, Spain

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  • Carlo Nike Bianchi,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento per lo studio del Territorio e delle sue Risorse, Università di Genova, Genova, Italy

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  • Jordi Corbera,

    Affiliation: Carrer Gran, Argentona, Spain

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  • Thanos Dailianis,

    Affiliations: Department of Zoology, Aristoteleio University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biology and Genetics, Heraklion, Greece

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  • Roberto Danovaro,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento Scienze del Mare, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy

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  • Marta Estrada,

    Affiliation: Institut de Ciències del Mar, Scientific Spanish Council (ICM-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain

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  • Carlo Froglia,

    Affiliation: Istituto di Scienze Marine, Consiglio Nazionale dell Ricerche, Ancona, Italy

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  • Bella S. Galil,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, Haifa, Israel

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  • Josep M. Gasol,

    Affiliation: Institut de Ciències del Mar, Scientific Spanish Council (ICM-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain

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  • Ruthy Gertwagen,

    Affiliation: Haifa University and Oranim Academic College, Haifa, Israel

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  • João Gil,

    Affiliation: Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Scientific Spanish Council (CEAB-CSIC), Blanes, Spain

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  • François Guilhaumon,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire Ecosystèmes Lagunaires UMR 5119, Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France

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  • Kathleen Kesner-Reyes,

    Affiliation: The WorldFish Center, Philippine Office, Los Baños, Philippines

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  • Miltiadis-Spyridon Kitsos,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, Aristoteleio University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece

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  • Athanasios Koukouras,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, Aristoteleio University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece

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  • Nikolaos Lampadariou,

    Affiliation: Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Oceanography, Heraklion, Greece

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  • Elijah Laxamana,

    Affiliation: The WorldFish Center, Philippine Office, Los Baños, Philippines

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  • Carlos M. López-Fé de la Cuadra,

    Affiliation: Laboratorio de Biología Marina - Departamento de Fisiología y Zoología, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain

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  • Heike K. Lotze,

    Affiliation: Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

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  • Daniel Martin,

    Affiliation: Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Scientific Spanish Council (CEAB-CSIC), Blanes, Spain

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  • David Mouillot,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire Ecosystèmes Lagunaires UMR 5119, Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France

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  • Daniel Oro,

    Affiliation: Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies, Scientific Spanish Council (IMEDEA-CSIC), Esporles, Spain

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  • Saša Raicevich,

    Affiliation: Istituto Superiore per la Ricerca e la Protezione Ambientale, Chioggia, Italy

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  • Josephine Rius-Barile,

    Affiliation: The WorldFish Center, Philippine Office, Los Baños, Philippines

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  • Jose Ignacio Saiz-Salinas,

    Affiliation: Zoology Department, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain

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  • Carles San Vicente,

    Affiliation: Carrer Nou, Creixell, Spain

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  • Samuel Somot,

    Affiliation: Météo-France, Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, Toulouse, France

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  • José Templado,

    Affiliation: Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Scientific Spanish Council (MNCN-CSIC), Madrid, Spain

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  • Xavier Turon,

    Affiliation: Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Scientific Spanish Council (CEAB-CSIC), Blanes, Spain

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  • Dimitris Vafidis,

    Affiliation: Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, University of Thessaly, Nea Ionia, Greece

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  • Roger Villanueva,

    Affiliation: Institut de Ciències del Mar, Scientific Spanish Council (ICM-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain

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  • Eleni Voultsiadou

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, Aristoteleio University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece

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  • Published: August 02, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011842
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

Marta Coll, Jacopo Aguzzi, Marta Estrada, Josep M. Gasol, Roger Villanueva
Institut de Ciències del Mar, Scientific Spanish Council (ICM-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
Marta Coll, Heike K. Lotze
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
Chiara Piroddi, Jeroen Steenbeek
Fisheries Center - Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Kristin Kaschner
Evolutionary Biology & Ecology Lab, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg, Germany
Frida Ben Rais Lasram, François Guilhaumon, David Mouillot
Laboratoire Ecosystèmes Lagunaires UMR 5119, Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France
Frida Ben Rais Lasram
Laboratoire Ecosystèmes & Ressources Aquatiques UR03AGRO1, Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie, Tunis, Tunisia
Enric Ballesteros, João Gil, Daniel Martin, Xavier Turon
Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Scientific Spanish Council (CEAB-CSIC), Blanes, Spain
Carlo Nike Bianchi
Dipartimento per lo studio del Territorio e delle sue Risorse, Università di Genova, Genova, Italy
Jordi Corbera
Carrer Gran, Argentona, Spain
Thanos Dailianis, Miltiadis-Spyridon Kitsos, Athanasios Koukouras, Eleni Voultsiadou
Department of Zoology, Aristoteleio University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Thanos Dailianis
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biology and Genetics, Heraklion, Greece
Roberto Danovaro
Dipartimento Scienze del Mare, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy
Carlo Froglia
Istituto di Scienze Marine, Consiglio Nazionale dell Ricerche, Ancona, Italy
Bella S. Galil
National Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, Haifa, Israel
Ruthy Gertwagen
Haifa University and Oranim Academic College, Haifa, Israel
Kathleen Kesner-Reyes, Elijah Laxamana, Josephine Rius-Barile
The WorldFish Center, Philippine Office, Los Baños, Philippines
Nikolaos Lampadariou
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Oceanography, Heraklion, Greece
Carlos M. López-Fé de la Cuadra
Laboratorio de Biología Marina - Departamento de Fisiología y Zoología, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
Daniel Oro
Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies, Scientific Spanish Council (IMEDEA-CSIC), Esporles, Spain
Saša Raicevich
Istituto Superiore per la Ricerca e la Protezione Ambientale, Chioggia, Italy
Jose Ignacio Saiz-Salinas
Zoology Department, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain
Carles San Vicente
Carrer Nou, Creixell, Spain
Samuel Somot
Météo-France, Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, Toulouse, France
José Templado
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Scientific Spanish Council (MNCN-CSIC), Madrid, Spain
Dimitris Vafidis
Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, University of Thessaly, Nea Ionia, Greece

Corresponding Author

Email: mcoll@icm.csic.es

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.