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Research Article

Large-Scale Spatial Distribution Patterns of Echinoderms in Nearshore Rocky Habitats

  • Katrin Iken mail,

    iken@ims.uaf.edu

    Affiliation: School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

    X
  • Brenda Konar,

    Affiliation: School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

    X
  • Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

    X
  • Juan José Cruz-Motta,

    Affiliation: Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas, Venezuela

    X
  • Ann Knowlton,

    Affiliation: School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

    X
  • Gerhard Pohle,

    Affiliation: Atlantic Reference Centre, Huntsman Marine Science Centre, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada

    X
  • Angela Mead,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa

    X
  • Patricia Miloslavich,

    Affiliation: Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas, Venezuela

    X
  • Melisa Wong,

    Affiliation: Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada

    X
  • Thomas Trott,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Suffolk University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Nova Mieszkowska,

    Affiliation: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Plymouth, United Kingdom

    X
  • Rafael Riosmena-Rodriguez,

    Affiliation: Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca per le Scienze Ambientali, University of Bologna, Ravenna, Italy

    X
  • Laura Airoldi,

    Affiliation: Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Mombasa, Kenya

    X
  • Edward Kimani,

    Affiliation: Programa de Investigación en Botánica Marina, Departamento de Biologia Marina, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur, México

    X
  • Yoshihisa Shirayama,

    Affiliation: Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Kyoto University, Wakayama, Japan

    X
  • Simonetta Fraschetti,

    Affiliation: Laboratorio di Zoologia e Biologia Marina, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy

    X
  • Manuel Ortiz-Touzet,

    Affiliation: Centro de Investigaciones Marinas, Universidad de La Habana, Miramar Playa, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba

    X
  • Angelica Silva

    Affiliation: Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada

    X
  • Published: November 05, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013845
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

Katrin Iken, Brenda Konar, Ann Knowlton
School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America
Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi
Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
Juan José Cruz-Motta, Patricia Miloslavich
Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas, Venezuela
Gerhard Pohle
Atlantic Reference Centre, Huntsman Marine Science Centre, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada
Angela Mead
Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
Melisa Wong, Angelica Silva
Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
Thomas Trott
Department of Biology, Suffolk University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Nova Mieszkowska
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Plymouth, United Kingdom
Rafael Riosmena-Rodriguez
Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca per le Scienze Ambientali, University of Bologna, Ravenna, Italy
Laura Airoldi
Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Mombasa, Kenya
Edward Kimani
Programa de Investigación en Botánica Marina, Departamento de Biologia Marina, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur, México
Yoshihisa Shirayama
Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Kyoto University, Wakayama, Japan
Simonetta Fraschetti
Laboratorio di Zoologia e Biologia Marina, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Manuel Ortiz-Touzet
Centro de Investigaciones Marinas, Universidad de La Habana, Miramar Playa, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba

Corresponding Author

Email: iken@ims.uaf.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KI BK LBC JJCM GP PM EK YS. Performed the experiments: KI BK LBC JJCM ALK GP AM PM MW TT NM RRR LA EK YS SF MOT AS. Analyzed the data: KI LBC JJCM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KI BK LBC JJCM ALK GP AM PM MW TT NM RRR LA EK YS SF MOT AS. Wrote the paper: KI BK LBC JJCM ALK GP AM PM MW TT NM RRR LA EK YS SF MOT AS.