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Research Article

Patterns of Spatial Variation of Assemblages Associated with Intertidal Rocky Shores: A Global Perspective

  • Juan José Cruz-Motta mail,

    juancruz@usb.ve

    Affiliations: Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela, Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Patricia Miloslavich,

    Affiliations: Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela, Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Gabriela Palomo,

    Affiliation: Laboratorio de Ecosistemas Costeros, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    X
  • Katrin Iken,

    Affiliation: School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

    X
  • Brenda Konar,

    Affiliation: School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

    X
  • Gerhard Pohle,

    Affiliation: The Huntsman Marine Science Centre, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada

    X
  • Tom Trott,

    Affiliation: Suffolk University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Pisa, Pisa, Tuscany, Italy

    X
  • César Herrera,

    Affiliation: Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Alejandra Hernández,

    Affiliation: Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Adriana Sardi,

    Affiliation: Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Andrea Bueno,

    Affiliation: Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Julio Castillo,

    Affiliation: Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Eduardo Klein,

    Affiliations: Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela, Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Edlin Guerra-Castro,

    Affiliation: Centro de Ecología, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela

    X
  • Judith Gobin,

    Affiliation: Department of Life Sciences, The University of The West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

    X
  • Diana Isabel Gómez,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras “Jose Benito Vives De Andreis”, Santa Marta, Magdalena, Colombia

    X
  • Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez,

    Affiliation: Programa de Investigación en Botánica Marina, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur, La Paz, México

    X
  • Angela Mead,

    Affiliation: University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

    X
  • Gregorio Bigatti,

    Affiliation: Centro de Estudios Nacionales Patagónicos, Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina

    X
  • Ann Knowlton,

    Affiliation: School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

    X
  • Yoshihisa Shirayama

    Affiliation: Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University, Shirahama, Wakayama, Japan

    X
  • Published: December 16, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014354
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

Juan José Cruz-Motta, Patricia Miloslavich, Eduardo Klein
Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela
Gabriela Palomo
Laboratorio de Ecosistemas Costeros, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Katrin Iken, Brenda Konar, Ann Knowlton
School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America
Gerhard Pohle
The Huntsman Marine Science Centre, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada
Tom Trott
Suffolk University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi
Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Pisa, Pisa, Tuscany, Italy
Juan José Cruz-Motta, Patricia Miloslavich, César Herrera, Alejandra Hernández, Adriana Sardi, Andrea Bueno, Julio Castillo, Eduardo Klein
Centro de Biodiversidad Marina, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela
Edlin Guerra-Castro
Centro de Ecología, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Caracas, Miranda, Venezuela
Judith Gobin
Department of Life Sciences, The University of The West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Diana Isabel Gómez
Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras “Jose Benito Vives De Andreis”, Santa Marta, Magdalena, Colombia
Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez
Programa de Investigación en Botánica Marina, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur, La Paz, México
Angela Mead
University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
Gregorio Bigatti
Centro de Estudios Nacionales Patagónicos, Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina
Yoshihisa Shirayama
Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University, Shirahama, Wakayama, Japan

Corresponding Author

Email: juancruz@usb.ve

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JJCM PM KI BK LBC. Performed the experiments: JJCM GP KI BK GP TT LBC CH AH AS AB JG DIG GB YS. Analyzed the data: JJCM GP KI BK LBC CH AH AS AB JC EK EGC ALK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JJCM PM GP KI BK JG DIG. Wrote the paper: JJCM GP KI BK TT. Provided data: JC EK RR-R AM.