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Research Article

A 33,000-Year-Old Incipient Dog from the Altai Mountains of Siberia: Evidence of the Earliest Domestication Disrupted by the Last Glacial Maximum

  • Nikolai D. Ovodov,

    Affiliation: Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Novosibirsk, Russia

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  • Susan J. Crockford,

    Affiliation: Pacific Identifications Inc., Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

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  • Yaroslav V. Kuzmin mail,

    kuzmin@fulbrightmail.org

    Affiliation: Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Novosibirsk, Russia

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  • Thomas F. G. Higham,

    Affiliation: Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Gregory W. L. Hodgins,

    Affiliation: National Science Foundation-Arizona Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Johannes van der Plicht

    Affiliations: Center for Isotope Research, Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherlands, Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Published: July 28, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022821
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

Nikolai D. Ovodov
Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Novosibirsk, Russia
Susan J. Crockford
Pacific Identifications Inc., Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Yaroslav V. Kuzmin
Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Novosibirsk, Russia
Thomas F. G. Higham
Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom
Gregory W. L. Hodgins
National Science Foundation-Arizona Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
Johannes van der Plicht
Center for Isotope Research, Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherlands
Johannes van der Plicht
Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: kuzmin@fulbrightmail.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Although SC is afiliated with a commercial company (Pacific Identifications Inc.), this does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NO SC YK. Performed the experiments: NO SC YK TH GH JvdP. Analyzed the data: NO SC YK TH GH JvdP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SC TH GH JvdP. Wrote the paper: SC YK TH GH JvdP.