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Research Article

Nuttalliella namaqua: A Living Fossil and Closest Relative to the Ancestral Tick Lineage: Implications for the Evolution of Blood-Feeding in Ticks

  • Ben J. Mans mail,

    mansb@arc.agric.za

    Affiliations: Parasites, Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Agricultural Research Council-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa, The Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

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  • Daniel de Klerk,

    Affiliation: Parasites, Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Agricultural Research Council-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa

    X
  • Ronel Pienaar,

    Affiliation: Parasites, Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Agricultural Research Council-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa

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  • Abdalla A. Latif

    Affiliations: Parasites, Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Agricultural Research Council-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa, The Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

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  • Published: August 17, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023675
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

Ben J. Mans, Daniel de Klerk, Ronel Pienaar, Abdalla A. Latif
Parasites, Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Agricultural Research Council-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa
Ben J. Mans, Abdalla A. Latif
The Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Corresponding Author

Email: mansb@arc.agric.za

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BJM RP AAL DdK. Performed the experiments: BJM RP DdK. Analyzed the data: BJM RP AAL DdK. Wrote the paper: BJM RP AAL DdK.