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Research Article

Historical Reconstruction Reveals Recovery in Hawaiian Coral Reefs

  • John N. Kittinger mail,

    jkittinger@gmail.com

    Affiliations: Department of Geography, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America, Program in Ecology, Conservation and Pathogen Biology, National Science Foundation Integrated Graduate Education, Research and Training (IGERT), University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America

    Current address: Stanford University, Center for Ocean Solutions, Woods Institute for the Environment, Monterey, California, United States of America

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  • John M. Pandolfi,

    Affiliation: Centre for Marine Science, School of Biological Sciences, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Jonathan H. Blodgett,

    Affiliation: Centre for Marine Science, School of Biological Sciences, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Terry L. Hunt,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America

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  • Hong Jiang,

    Affiliation: Department of Geography, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America

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  • Kepā Maly,

    Affiliation: Kumu Pono Associates, LLC, Lāna‘i City, Hawai‘i, United States of America

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  • Loren E. McClenachan,

    Affiliation: Earth to Ocean Research Group, Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada

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  • Jennifer K. Schultz,

    Affiliations: Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawai‘i, Kāne‘ohe, Hawai‘i, United States of America, Program in Ecology, Conservation and Pathogen Biology, National Science Foundation Integrated Graduate Education, Research and Training (IGERT), University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America

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  • Bruce A. Wilcox

    Affiliations: Office of Public Health Studies, Global Health Program, University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America, Program in Ecology, Conservation and Pathogen Biology, National Science Foundation Integrated Graduate Education, Research and Training (IGERT), University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America

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  • Published: October 03, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025460
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

John N. Kittinger, Hong Jiang
Department of Geography, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America
John M. Pandolfi, Jonathan H. Blodgett
Centre for Marine Science, School of Biological Sciences, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Terry L. Hunt
Department of Anthropology, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America
Kepā Maly
Kumu Pono Associates, LLC, Lāna‘i City, Hawai‘i, United States of America
Loren E. McClenachan
Earth to Ocean Research Group, Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
Jennifer K. Schultz
Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawai‘i, Kāne‘ohe, Hawai‘i, United States of America
Bruce A. Wilcox
Office of Public Health Studies, Global Health Program, University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America
John N. Kittinger, Jennifer K. Schultz, Bruce A. Wilcox
Program in Ecology, Conservation and Pathogen Biology, National Science Foundation Integrated Graduate Education, Research and Training (IGERT), University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jkittinger@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have the following competing interest: Kepa Maly is an employee of Kumu Pono Associates. There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JNK JMP BAW JHB JKS. Performed the experiments: JNK. Analyzed the data: JNK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JNK JMP BAW JHB TLH HJ LEM JKS KM. Wrote the paper: JNK.