Advertisement
Review

Man and the Last Great Wilderness: Human Impact on the Deep Sea

  • Eva Ramirez-Llodra mail,

    ezr@icm.csic.es

    Affiliation: Institut de Ciències del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Barcelona, Spain

    X
  • Paul A. Tyler,

    Affiliation: School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

    X
  • Maria C. Baker,

    Affiliation: School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

    X
  • Odd Aksel Bergstad,

    Affiliation: Institute of Marine Research, Flødevigen, Norway

    X
  • Malcolm R. Clark,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand

    X
  • Elva Escobar,

    Affiliation: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, México, D.F., Mexico

    X
  • Lisa A. Levin,

    Affiliation: Integrative Oceanography Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, United States of America

    X
  • Lenaick Menot,

    Affiliation: Ifremer, Brest, DEEP/LEP, Plouzane, France

    X
  • Ashley A. Rowden,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand

    X
  • Craig R. Smith,

    Affiliation: Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Cindy L. Van Dover

    Affiliation: Division of Marine Science and Conservation, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Beaufort, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Published: August 01, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022588
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

Eva Ramirez-Llodra
Institut de Ciències del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Barcelona, Spain
Paul A. Tyler, Maria C. Baker
School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
Odd Aksel Bergstad
Institute of Marine Research, Flødevigen, Norway
Malcolm R. Clark, Ashley A. Rowden
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand
Elva Escobar
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, México, D.F., Mexico
Lisa A. Levin
Integrative Oceanography Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, United States of America
Lenaick Menot
Ifremer, Brest, DEEP/LEP, Plouzane, France
Craig R. Smith
Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America
Cindy L. Van Dover
Division of Marine Science and Conservation, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Beaufort, North Carolina, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: ezr@icm.csic.es

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ERL PAT MCB OAB MRC EE LAL LM AAR CRS CLVD. Wrote the paper: ERL PAT MCB OAB MRC EE LAL LM AAR CRS CLVD.