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Research Article

Cold Seep Epifaunal Communities on the Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand: Composition, Succession, and Vulnerability to Human Activities

  • David A. Bowden mail,

    david.bowden@niwa.co.nz

    Affiliation: Coasts and Oceans Centre, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand

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  • Ashley A. Rowden,

    Affiliation: Coasts and Oceans Centre, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand

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  • Andrew R. Thurber,

    Affiliation: College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

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  • Amy R. Baco,

    Affiliation: Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States of America

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  • Lisa A. Levin,

    Affiliation: Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Integrative Oceanography Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Craig R. Smith

    Affiliation: Department of Oceanography, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

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  • Published: October 18, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076869
  • Published in PLOS ONE

About the Authors

David A. Bowden, Ashley A. Rowden
Coasts and Oceans Centre, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand
Andrew R. Thurber
College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
Amy R. Baco
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States of America
Lisa A. Levin
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Integrative Oceanography Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, United States of America
Craig R. Smith
Department of Oceanography, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: david.bowden@niwa.co.nz

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DAB AAR ART AB LAL CRS. Performed the experiments: DAB AAR ART AB LAL CRS. Analyzed the data: DAB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DAB. Wrote the paper: DAB AAR ART AB LAL CRS.