Table of Contents: Reporting Guidelines Collection


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Reporting guidelines are statements intended to advise authors reporting research methods and findings. They can be presented as a checklist, flow diagram or text, and lay out what is required to give a clear and transparent account of a study's research and results. These guidelines are prepared through consideration of specific issues that may introduce bias, and are supported by the latest evidence in the field.

The Reporting Guidelines Collection highlights articles published across PLOS journals and includes guidelines and guidance, commentary, and related research on guidelines. This Collection features some of the many resources available to facilitate the rigorous reporting of scientific studies, and to improve the presentation and evaluation of published studies.

New articles will be added to the Collection as they are published.

PLOS Collections:


Open Science and Reporting Animal Studies: Who's Accountable?

Jonathan A. Eisen, Emma Ganley, Catriona J. MacCallum

Comparative Effectiveness Research: Challenges for Medical Journals

Harold C. Sox, Mark Helfand, Jeremy Grimshaw, Kay Dickersin, David Tovey, J. André Knottnerus, Peter Tugwell , the PLoS Medicine Editors


Whole Animal Experiments Should Be More Like Human Randomized Controlled Trials

Beverly S. Muhlhausler, Frank H. Bloomfield, Matthew W. Gillman

Minimum Information About a Simulation Experiment (MIASE)

Dagmar Waltemath, Richard Adams, Daniel A. Beard, Frank T. Bergmann, Upinder S. Bhalla, Randall Britten, Vijayalakshmi Chelliah, Michael T. Cooling, Jonathan Cooper, Edmund J. Crampin, Alan Garny, Stefan Hoops, Michael Hucka, Peter Hunter, Edda Klipp, Camille Laibe, Andrew K. Miller, Ion Moraru, David Nickerson, Poul Nielsen, Macha Nikolski, Sven Sahle, Herbert M. Sauro, Henning Schmidt, Jacky L. Snoep, Dominic Tolle, Olaf Wolkenhauer, Nicolas Le Novère

Improving Bioscience Research Reporting: The ARRIVE Guidelines for Reporting Animal Research

Carol Kilkenny, William J. Browne, Innes C. Cuthill, Michael Emerson, Douglas G. Altman

Guidelines and Guidance

Improving the Transparency of Prognosis Research: The Role of Reporting, Data Sharing, Registration, and Protocols

George Peat, Richard D. Riley, Peter Croft, Katherine I. Morley, Panayiotis A. Kyzas, Karel G. M. Moons, Pablo Perel, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Sara Schroter, Douglas G. Altman, Harry Hemingway , for the PROGRESS Group

PRISMA for Abstracts: Reporting Systematic Reviews in Journal and Conference Abstracts

Elaine M. Beller, Paul P. Glasziou, Douglas G. Altman, Sally Hopewell, Hilda Bastian, Iain Chalmers, Peter C. Gøtzsche, Toby Lasserson, David Tovey , for the PRISMA for Abstracts Group

Prognosis Research Strategy (PROGRESS) 2: Prognostic Factor Research

Richard D. Riley, Jill A. Hayden, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Karel G. M. Moons, Keith Abrams, Panayiotis A. Kyzas, Núria Malats, Andrew Briggs, Sara Schroter, Douglas G. Altman, Harry Hemingway , for the PROGRESS Group

Prognosis Research Strategy (PROGRESS) 3: Prognostic Model Research

Ewout W. Steyerberg, Karel G. M. Moons, Danielle A. van der Windt, Jill A. Hayden, Pablo Perel, Sara Schroter, Richard D. Riley, Harry Hemingway, Douglas G. Altman , for the PROGRESS Group

PRISMA-Equity 2012 Extension: Reporting Guidelines for Systematic Reviews with a Focus on Health Equity

Vivian Welch, Mark Petticrew, Peter Tugwell, David Moher, Jennifer O'Neill, Elizabeth Waters, Howard White , the PRISMA-Equity Bellagio group

Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies (REMARK): Explanation and Elaboration

Douglas G. Altman, Lisa M. McShane, Willi Sauerbrei, Sheila E. Taube

STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology – Molecular Epidemiology (STROBE-ME): An Extension of the STROBE Statement

Valentina Gallo, Matthias Egger, Valerie McCormack, Peter B. Farmer, John P. A. Ioannidis, Micheline Kirsch-Volders, Giuseppe Matullo, David H. Phillips, Bernadette Schoket, Ulf Stromberg, Roel Vermeulen, Christopher Wild, Miquel Porta, Paolo Vineis

Strengthening the Reporting of Genetic Risk Prediction Studies: The GRIPS Statement

A. Cecile J. W. Janssens, John P. A. Ioannidis, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Julian Little, Muin J. Khoury , for the GRIPS Group

Revised STandards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA): Extending the CONSORT Statement

Hugh MacPherson, Douglas G. Altman, Richard Hammerschlag, Li Youping, Wu Taixiang, Adrian White, David Moher , on behalf of the STRICTA Revision Group

CONSORT 2010 Statement: Updated Guidelines for Reporting Parallel Group Randomised Trials

Kenneth F. Schulz, Douglas G. Altman, David Moher , for the CONSORT Group

Guidance for Developers of Health Research Reporting Guidelines

David Moher, Kenneth F. Schulz, Iveta Simera, Douglas G. Altman

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement

David Moher, Alessandro Liberati, Jennifer Tetzlaff, Douglas G. Altman , The PRISMA Group

The PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Health Care Interventions: Explanation and Elaboration

Alessandro Liberati, Douglas G. Altman, Jennifer Tetzlaff, Cynthia Mulrow, Peter C. Gøtzsche, John P. A. Ioannidis, Mike Clarke, P. J. Devereaux, Jos Kleijnen, David Moher

STrengthening the REporting of Genetic Association Studies (STREGA)— An Extension of the STROBE Statement

Julian Little, Julian P.T Higgins, John P.A Ioannidis, David Moher, France Gagnon, Erik von Elm, Muin J Khoury, Barbara Cohen, George Davey-Smith, Jeremy Grimshaw, Paul Scheet, Marta Gwinn, Robin E Williamson, Guang Yong Zou, Kim Hutchings, Candice Y Johnson, Valerie Tait, Miriam Wiens, Jean Golding, Cornelia van Duijn, John McLaughlin, Andrew Paterson, George Wells, Isabel Fortier, Matthew Freedman, Maja Zecevic, Richard King, Claire Infante-Rivard, Alex Stewart, Nick Birkett

Guidelines for Reporting Health Research: The EQUATOR Network's Survey of Guideline Authors

Iveta Simera, Douglas G Altman, David Moher, Kenneth F Schulz, John Hoey

Research Articles

The Quality of Methods Reporting in Parasitology Experiments

Oscar Flórez-Vargas, Michael Bramhall, Harry Noyes, Sheena Cruickshank, Robert Stevens, Andy Brass

A Review of Published Analyses of Case-Cohort Studies and Recommendations for Future Reporting

Stephen J. Sharp, Manon Poulaliou, Simon G. Thompson, Ian R. White, Angela M. Wood

Evidence for the Selective Reporting of Analyses and Discrepancies in Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review of Cohort Studies of Clinical Trials

Kerry Dwan, Douglas G. Altman, Mike Clarke, Carrol Gamble, Julian P. T. Higgins, Jonathan A. C. Sterne, Paula R. Williamson, Jamie J. Kirkham

The Reporting of Observational Clinical Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies: A Systematic Review

Qing Guo, Melissa Parlar, Wanda Truong, Geoffrey Hall, Lehana Thabane, Margaret McKinnon, Ron Goeree, Eleanor Pullenayegum

The Quality of Reporting Methods and Results in Network Meta-Analyses: An Overview of Reviews and Suggestions for Improvement

Brian Hutton, Georgia Salanti, Anna Chaimani, Deborah M. Caldwell, Chris Schmid, Kristian Thorlund, Edward Mills, Ferrán Catalá-López, Lucy Turner, Douglas G. Altman, David Moher

Five Years MIQE Guidelines: The Case of the Arabian Countries

Afif M. Abdel Nour, Esam Azhar, Ghazi Damanhouri, Stephen A. Bustin

The Assessment of the Quality of Reporting of Systematic Reviews/Meta-Analyses in Diagnostic Tests Published by Authors in China

Long Ge, Jian-cheng Wang, Jin-long Li, Li Liang, Ni An, Xin-tong Shi, Yin-chun Liu, Jin-hui Tian

Use of Expert Panels to Define the Reference Standard in Diagnostic Research: A Systematic Review of Published Methods and Reporting

Loes C. M. Bertens, Berna D. L. Broekhuizen, Christiana A. Naaktgeboren, Frans H. Rutten, Arno W. Hoes, Yvonne van Mourik, Karel G. M. Moons, Johannes B. Reitsma

Testing the PRISMA-Equity 2012 Reporting Guideline: the Perspectives of Systematic Review Authors

Belinda J. Burford, Vivian Welch, Elizabeth Waters, Peter Tugwell, David Moher, Jennifer O’Neill, Tracey Koehlmoos, Mark Petticrew

Impact of STROBE Statement Publication on Quality of Observational Study Reporting: Interrupted Time Series versus Before-After Analysis

Sylvie Bastuji-Garin, Emilie Sbidian, Caroline Gaudy-Marqueste, Emilie Ferrat, Jean-Claude Roujeau, Marie-Aleth Richard, Florence Canoui-Poitrine , on behalf of the European Dermatology Network (EDEN)

Endorsement of the CONSORT Statement by High-Impact Medical Journals in China: A Survey of Instructions for Authors and Published Papers

Xiao-qian Li, Kun-ming Tao, Qing-hui Zhou, David Moher, Hong-yun Chen, Fu-zhe Wang, Chang-quan Ling

Reporting Guidelines for Survey Research: An Analysis of Published Guidance and Reporting Practices

Carol Bennett, Sara Khangura, Jamie C. Brehaut, Ian D. Graham, David Moher, Beth K. Potter, Jeremy M. Grimshaw

Survey of the Quality of Experimental Design, Statistical Analysis and Reporting of Research Using Animals

Carol Kilkenny, Nick Parsons, Ed Kadyszewski, Michael F. W. Festing, Innes C. Cuthill, Derek Fry, Jane Hutton, Douglas G. Altman

Quality and Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies in TB, HIV and Malaria: Evaluation Using QUADAS and STARD Standards

Patricia Scolari Fontela, Nitika Pant Pai, Ian Schiller, Nandini Dendukuri, Andrew Ramsay, Madhukar Pai

CONSORT for Reporting Randomized Controlled Trials in Journal and Conference Abstracts: Explanation and Elaboration

Sally Hopewell, Mike Clarke, David Moher, Elizabeth Wager, Philippa Middleton, Douglas G Altman, Kenneth F Schulz , and the CONSORT Group

The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: Guidelines for Reporting Observational Studies

Erik von Elm, Douglas G Altman, Matthias Egger, Stuart J Pocock, Peter C Gøtzsche, Jan P Vandenbroucke , for the STROBE Initiative

Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE): Explanation and Elaboration

Jan P Vandenbroucke, Erik von Elm, Douglas G Altman, Peter C Gøtzsche, Cynthia D Mulrow, Stuart J Pocock, Charles Poole, James J Schlesselman, Matthias Egger , for the STROBE Initiative

Epidemiology and Reporting Characteristics of Systematic Reviews

David Moher, Jennifer Tetzlaff, Andrea C Tricco, Margaret Sampson, Douglas G Altman