Table of Contents: Pediatric Medicine


Image Credit: (clockwise from top left): Matt Erasmus,; D.C. Atty,; Frank Douwes,; U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt Eric T. Sheler, Wikimedia Commons
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In a commitment to increasing the evidence base for improving child health, PLOS journals publish high-quality, Open Access research and commentary on Pediatric Medicine. Open Access publication ensures this crucial evidence is freely available to read and use throughout the world without restriction.

In 2014, PLOS Medicine celebrates a decade of publishing. The PLOS Medicine editors wish to mark the journal's tenth anniversary with a call for research papers on the health and wellbeing of pre-adolescent children, including 10-year-olds, from around the world. The papers that result from this call with be added to the PLOS Pediatric Medicine Collection throughout the year.



Pediatric AIDS in the Elimination Agenda

Scott E. Kellerman, Nandita Sugandhi

Policy Forum


Measuring Coverage in MNCH: Challenges in Monitoring the Proportion of Young Children with Pneumonia Who Receive Antibiotic Treatment

Harry Campbell, Shams el Arifeen, Tabish Hazir, James O'Kelly, Jennifer Bryce, Igor Rudan, Shamim Ahmad Qazi

Research Articles

Regular Breakfast Consumption and Type 2 Diabetes Risk Markers in 9- to 10-Year-Old Children in the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE): A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Angela S. Donin, Claire M. Nightingale, Chris G. Owen, Alicja R. Rudnicka, Michael R. Perkin, Susan A. Jebb, Alison M. Stephen, Naveed Sattar, Derek G. Cook, Peter H. Whincup

Hand Sanitiser Provision for Reducing Illness Absences in Primary School Children: A Cluster Randomised Trial

Patricia Priest, Joanne E. McKenzie, Rick Audas, Marion Poore, Cheryl Brunton, Lesley Reeves

Mortality after Parental Death in Childhood: A Nationwide Cohort Study from Three Nordic Countries

Jiong Li, Mogens Vestergaard, Sven Cnattingius, Mika Gissler, Bodil Hammer Bech, Carsten Obel, Jørn Olsen

Barriers to Provider-Initiated Testing and Counselling for Children in a High HIV Prevalence Setting: A Mixed Methods Study

Katharina Kranzer, Jamilah Meghji, Tsitsi Bandason, Ethel Dauya, Stanley Mungofa, Joanna Busza, Karin Hatzold, Khameer Kidia, Hilda Mujuru, Rashida A. Ferrand

Assessing Causality in the Association between Child Adiposity and Physical Activity Levels: A Mendelian Randomization Analysis

Rebecca C. Richmond, George Davey Smith, Andy R. Ness, Marcel den Hoed, George McMahon, Nicholas J. Timpson

Impact of Intermittent Screening and Treatment for Malaria among School Children in Kenya: A Cluster Randomised Trial

Katherine E. Halliday, George Okello, Elizabeth L. Turner, Kiambo Njagi, Carlos Mcharo, Juddy Kengo, Elizabeth Allen, Margaret M. Dubeck, Matthew C. H. Jukes, Simon J. Brooker

When to Start Antiretroviral Therapy in Children Aged 2–5 Years: A Collaborative Causal Modelling Analysis of Cohort Studies from Southern Africa

Michael Schomaker, Matthias Egger, James Ndirangu, Sam Phiri, Harry Moultrie, Karl Technau, Vivian Cox, Janet Giddy, Cleophas Chimbetete, Robin Wood, Thomas Gsponer, Carolyn Bolton Moore, Helena Rabie, Brian Eley, Lulu Muhe, Martina Penazzato, Shaffiq Essajee, Olivia Keiser, Mary-Ann Davies , for the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS–Southern Africa (IeDEA-SA) Collaboration

Predicting Patterns of Long-Term CD4 Reconstitution in HIV-Infected Children Starting Antiretroviral Therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cohort-Based Modelling Study

Marie-Quitterie Picat, Joanna Lewis, Victor Musiime, Andrew Prendergast, Kusum Nathoo, Addy Kekitiinwa, Patricia Nahirya Ntege, Diana M. Gibb, Rodolphe Thiebaut, A. Sarah Walker, Nigel Klein, Robin Callard , the ARROW Trial Team

Effect of Household-Based Drinking Water Chlorination on Diarrhoea among Children under Five in Orissa, India: A Double-Blind Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial

Sophie Boisson, Matthew Stevenson, Lily Shapiro, Vinod Kumar, Lakhwinder P. Singh, Dana Ward, Thomas Clasen

Dengue and Other Common Causes of Acute Febrile Illness in Asia: An Active Surveillance Study in Children

Maria Rosario Capeding, Mary Noreen Chua, Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, Ismail I. H. M. Hussain, Revathy Nallusamy, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Kusnandi Rusmil, Usa Thisyakorn, Stephen J. Thomas, Ngoc Huu Tran, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan, In-Kyu Yoon, Alain Bouckenooghe, Yanee Hutagalung, Thelma Laot, Tram Anh Wartel

Carriage of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in the Upper Respiratory Tract of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Children: An Observational Study

Emiel B. M. Spuesens, Pieter L. A. Fraaij, Eline G. Visser, Theo Hoogenboezem, Wim C. J. Hop, Léon N. A. van Adrichem, Frank Weber, Henriette A. Moll, Berth Broekman, Marjolein Y. Berger, Tineke van Rijsoort-Vos, Alex van Belkum, Martin Schutten, Suzan D. Pas, Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus, Nico G. Hartwig, Cornelis Vink, Annemarie M. C. van Rossum

Measuring Coverage in MNCH: Population HIV-Free Survival among Children under Two Years of Age in Four African Countries

Jeffrey S. A. Stringer, Kathryn Stinson, Pius M. Tih, Mark J. Giganti, Didier K. Ekouevi, Tracy L. Creek, Thomas K. Welty, Benjamin H. Chi, Catherine M. Wilfert, Nathan Shaffer, Elizabeth M. Stringer, Francois Dabis, David Coetzee

Young Children's Probability of Dying Before and After Their Mother's Death: A Rural South African Population-Based Surveillance Study

Samuel J. Clark, Kathleen Kahn, Brian Houle, Adriane Arteche, Mark A. Collinson, Stephen M. Tollman, Alan Stein