Table of Contents: Open Access Collection


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In keeping with our primary mission of making the world’s scientific and medical literature a public resource, PLoS periodically publishes articles that explore the issues surrounding open access. Selected articles—collected from PLoS Biology, PLoS Medicine, PLoS Computational Biology, PLoS Pathogens, and PLoS ONE—are featured to highlight key issues relating to open access. New articles will be added to the collection as they are published at

All PLoS content is published under a Creative Commons Attribution License; hence users can, with attribution, download, print, or reuse in any way either individual articles or entire collections.

Message from the Founders

Why PLoS Became a Publisher

Patrick O Brown, Michael B Eisen, Harold E Varmus


Open Access: Taking Full Advantage of the Content

Philip E. Bourne, J. Lynn Fink, Mark Gerstein

Open Access to Research Is in the Public Interest

Bevin P Engelward, Richard J Roberts

Whose Copy? Whose Rights?

Andy Gass, Helen Doyle, Rebecca Kennison

Who Pays for Open Access?

Helen Doyle, Andy Gass, Rebecca Kennison

Message from ISCB

ISCB Public Policy Statement on Open Access to Scientific and Technical Research Literature

Richard H. Lathrop, Burkhard Rost , ISCB Membership, ISCB Executive Committee, ISCB Board of Directors, ISCB Public Affairs Committee




Grant Application Review: The Case of Transparency

David Gurwitz, Elena Milanesi, Thomas Koenig

Why Full Open Access Matters

Michael W. Carroll

Institutional Open Access Funds: Now Is the Time

Charles D. Eckman, Beth T. Weil

Health in Action

Global Health Delivery 2.0: Using Open-Access Technologies for Transparency and Operations Research

Duncan Smith-Rohrberg Maru, Aditya Sharma, Jason Andrews, Sanjay Basu, Jhapat Thapa, Shefali Oza, Chhitij Bashyal, Bibhav Acharya, Ryan Schwarz


Adventures in Semantic Publishing: Exemplar Semantic Enhancements of a Research Article

David Shotton, Katie Portwin, Graham Klyne, Alistair Miles

Research Articles

In an Age of Open Access to Research Policies: Physician and Public Health NGO Staff Research Use and Policy Awareness

Laura L. Moorhead, Cheryl Holzmeyer, Lauren A. Maggio, Ryan M. Steinberg, John Willinsky

The Dawn of Open Access to Phylogenetic Data

Andrew F. Magee, Michael R. May, Brian R. Moore

Self-Selected or Mandated, Open Access Increases Citation Impact for Higher Quality Research

Yassine Gargouri, Chawki Hajjem, Vincent Larivière, Yves Gingras, Les Carr, Tim Brody, Stevan Harnad

Systematic Characterizations of Text Similarity in Full Text Biomedical Publications

Zhaohui Sun, Mounir Errami, Tara Long, Chris Renard, Nishant Choradia, Harold Garner

Open Access to the Scientific Journal Literature: Situation 2009

Bo-Christer Björk, Patrik Welling, Mikael Laakso, Peter Majlender, Turid Hedlund, Guðni Guðnason

Full Text and Figure Display Improves Bioscience Literature Search

Anna Divoli, Michael A. Wooldridge, Marti A. Hearst

Sharing Detailed Research Data Is Associated with Increased Citation Rate

Heather A. Piwowar, Roger S. Day, Douglas B. Fridsma