# wombat urls ß PLOS Collections : Article collections published by the Public Library of Science

Table of Contents: PLoS ONE: The Paleontology Collection


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This collection represents those articles published in PLoS ONE on the general topic of paleontology (the study of fossils and of life forms that existed in past geological periods). The discipline is very broad, overlapping with both biology and geology, and the findings reported in these articles span several geological eras and further our understanding of organisms from multiple phyla. Articles are presented in order of publication date and new articles will be added to the Paleontology Collection as they are published. We welcome submissions in this field.

Image Credit: Mark P. Witton (see Witton and Naish, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002271)

Research Articles

Ichnotaxonomic Review of Large Ornithopod Dinosaur Tracks: Temporal and Geographic Implications

Ignacio Díaz-Martínez, Xabier Pereda-Suberbiola, Félix Pérez-Lorente, José Ignacio Canudo

A New Ankylosaurid Dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous (Kirtlandian) of New Mexico with Implications for Ankylosaurid Diversity in the Upper Cretaceous of Western North America

Victoria M. Arbour, Michael E. Burns, Robert M. Sullivan, Spencer G. Lucas, Amanda K. Cantrell, Joshua Fry, Thomas L. Suazo

Species Richness and Evidence of Random Patterns in Assemblages of South American Titanosauria during the Late Cretaceous (Campanian–Maastrichtian)

Washington Luiz Silva Vieira, Kleber Silva Vieira, Rômulo Pantoja Nóbrega, Paulo Fernandes Guedes Pereira Montenegro, Gentil Alves Pereira Filho, Gindomar Gomes Santana, Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves, Waltécio Oliveira Almeida, Alexandre Vasconcellos

Discovery of a Rare Pterosaur Bone Bed in a Cretaceous Desert with Insights on Ontogeny and Behavior of Flying Reptiles

Paulo C. Manzig, Alexander W. A. Kellner, Luiz C. Weinschütz, Carlos E. Fragoso, Cristina S. Vega, Gilson B. Guimarães, Luiz C. Godoy, Antonio Liccardo, João H. Z. Ricetti, Camila C. de Moura

A New Upper Jurassic Ophthalmosaurid Ichthyosaur from the Slottsmøya Member, Agardhfjellet Formation of Central Spitsbergen

Aubrey Jane Roberts, Patrick Scott Druckenmiller, Glenn-Peter Sætre, Jørn Harald Hurum

A ‘Terror of Tyrannosaurs’: The First Trackways of Tyrannosaurids and Evidence of Gregariousness and Pathology in Tyrannosauridae

Richard T. McCrea, Lisa G. Buckley, James O. Farlow, Martin G. Lockley, Philip J. Currie, Neffra A. Matthews, S. George Pemberton

A New Basal Hadrosauroid Dinosaur (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) with Transitional Features from the Late Cretaceous of Henan Province, China

Hai Xing, Deyou Wang, Fenglu Han, Corwin Sullivan, Qingyu Ma, Yiming He, David W. E. Hone, Ronghao Yan, Fuming Du, Xing Xu

A Diplodocid Sauropod Survivor from the Early Cretaceous of South America

Pablo A. Gallina, Sebastián Apesteguía, Alejandro Haluza, Juan I. Canale

A New Look at Ichthyosaur Long Bone Microanatomy and Histology: Implications for Their Adaptation to an Aquatic Life

Alexandra Houssaye, Torsten M. Scheyer, Christian Kolb, Valentin Fischer, P. Martin Sander

Intra-Trackway Morphological Variations Due to Substrate Consistency: The El Frontal Dinosaur Tracksite (Lower Cretaceous, Spain)

Novella L. Razzolini, Bernat Vila, Diego Castanera, Peter L. Falkingham, José Luis Barco, José Ignacio Canudo, Phillip L. Manning, Àngel Galobart

A New Large-Bodied Oviraptorosaurian Theropod Dinosaur from the Latest Cretaceous of Western North America

Matthew C. Lamanna, Hans-Dieter Sues, Emma R. Schachner, Tyler R. Lyson

A Diminutive New Tyrannosaur from the Top of the World

Anthony R. Fiorillo, Ronald S. Tykoski

Dinosaur Footprints and Other Ichnofauna from the Cretaceous Kem Kem Beds of Morocco

Nizar Ibrahim, David J. Varricchio, Paul C. Sereno, Jeff A. Wilson, Didier B. Dutheil, David M. Martill, Lahssen Baidder, Samir Zouhri

Terrestrial Origin of Viviparity in Mesozoic Marine Reptiles Indicated by Early Triassic Embryonic Fossils

Ryosuke Motani, Da-yong Jiang, Andrea Tintori, Olivier Rieppel, Guan-bao Chen

Walking Like Dinosaurs: Chickens with Artificial Tails Provide Clues about Non-Avian Theropod Locomotion

Bruno Grossi, José Iriarte-Díaz, Omar Larach, Mauricio Canals, Rodrigo A. Vásquez

First Clarkforkian Equivalent Land Mammal Age in the Latest Paleocene Basal Sparnacian Facies of Europe: Fauna, Flora, Paleoenvironment and (Bio)stratigraphy

Thierry Smith, Florence Quesnel, Gaël De Plöeg, Dario De Franceschi, Grégoire Métais, Eric De Bast, Floréal Solé, Annelise Folie, Anaïs Boura, Julien Claude, Christian Dupuis, Cyril Gagnaison, Alina Iakovleva, Jeremy Martin, François Maubert, Judicaël Prieur, Emile Roche, Jean-Yves Storme, Romain Thomas, Haiyan Tong, Johan Yans, Eric Buffetaut

High Diversity in Cretaceous Ichthyosaurs from Europe Prior to Their Extinction

Valentin Fischer, Nathalie Bardet, Myette Guiomar, Pascal Godefroit

Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Feathered Dinosaur Measured Using Physical Models. Effects of Form on Static Stability and Control Effectiveness

Dennis Evangelista, Griselda Cardona, Eric Guenther-Gleason, Tony Huynh, Austin Kwong, Dylan Marks, Neil Ray, Adrian Tisbe, Kyle Tse, Mimi Koehl

First Dinosaurs from Saudi Arabia

Benjamin P. Kear, Thomas H. Rich, Patricia Vickers-Rich, Mohammed A. Ali, Yahya A. Al-Mufarreh, Adel H. Matari, Abdu M. Al-Massari, Abdulaziz H. Nasser, Yousry Attia, Mohammed A. Halawani

Absence of Suction Feeding Ichthyosaurs and Its Implications for Triassic Mesopelagic Paleoecology

Ryosuke Motani, Cheng Ji, Taketeru Tomita, Neil Kelley, Erin Maxwell, Da-yong Jiang, Paul Martin Sander

Cranial Endocast of the Lambeosaurine Hadrosaurid Amurosaurus riabinini from the Amur Region, Russia

Pascaline Lauters, Martine Vercauteren, Yuri L. Bolotsky, Pascal Godefroit

Tyrant Dinosaur Evolution Tracks the Rise and Fall of Late Cretaceous Oceans

Mark A. Loewen, Randall B. Irmis, Joseph J. W. Sertich, Philip J. Currie, Scott D. Sampson

A New Hadrosauroid Dinosaur from the Early Late Cretaceous of Shanxi Province, China

Run-Fu Wang, Hai-Lu You, Shi-Chao Xu, Suo-Zhu Wang, Jian Yi, Li-Juan Xie, Lei Jia, Ya-Xian Li

Evolution of High Tooth Replacement Rates in Sauropod Dinosaurs

Michael D. D’Emic, John A. Whitlock, Kathlyn M. Smith, Daniel C. Fisher, Jeffrey A. Wilson

A Giant Pliosaurid Skull from the Late Jurassic of England

Roger B. J. Benson, Mark Evans, Adam S. Smith, Judyth Sassoon, Scott Moore-Faye, Hilary F. Ketchum, Richard Forrest

An Unusual Basal Therizinosaur Dinosaur with an Ornithischian Dental Arrangement from Northeastern China

Hanyong Pu, Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Junchang Lü, Li Xu, Yanhua Wu, Huali Chang, Jiming Zhang, Songhai Jia

Shake a Tail Feather: The Evolution of the Theropod Tail into a Stiff Aerodynamic Surface

Michael Pittman, Stephen M. Gatesy, Paul Upchurch, Anjali Goswami, John R. Hutchinson

The Behavioral Implications of a Multi-Individual Bonebed of a Small Theropod Dinosaur

Lucio M. Ibiricu, Rubén D. Martínez, Gabriel A. Casal, Ignacio A. Cerda

A Large Accumulation of Avian Eggs from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia (Argentina) Reveals a Novel Nesting Strategy in Mesozoic Birds

Mariela S. Fernández, Rodolfo A. García, Lucas Fiorelli, Alejandro Scolaro, Rodrigo B. Salvador, Carlos N. Cotaro, Gary W. Kaiser, Gareth J. Dyke

Dynamic Similarity in Titanosaur Sauropods: Ichnological Evidence from the Fumanya Dinosaur Tracksite (Southern Pyrenees)

Bernat Vila, Oriol Oms, Àngel Galobart, Karl T. Bates, Victoria M. Egerton, Phillip L. Manning

Secondary Cartilage Revealed in a Non-Avian Dinosaur Embryo

Alida M. Bailleul, Brian K. Hall, John R. Horner

Neurocranial Osteology and Neuroanatomy of a Late Cretaceous Titanosaurian Sauropod from Spain (Ampelosaurus sp.)

Fabien Knoll, Ryan C. Ridgely, Francisco Ortega, Jose Luis Sanz, Lawrence M. Witmer

Body Size Distribution of the Dinosaurs

Eoin J. O’Gorman, David W. E. Hone

The Endocranial Anatomy of Therizinosauria and Its Implications for Sensory and Cognitive Function

Stephan Lautenschlager, Emily J. Rayfield, Perle Altangerel, Lindsay E. Zanno, Lawrence M. Witmer

Pedal Claw Curvature in Birds, Lizards and Mesozoic Dinosaurs – Complicated Categories and Compensating for Mass-Specific and Phylogenetic Control

Aleksandra V. Birn-Jeffery, Charlotte E. Miller, Darren Naish, Emily J. Rayfield, David W. E. Hone

A New Rhynchocephalian from the Late Jurassic of Germany with a Dentition That Is Unique amongst Tetrapods

Oliver W. M. Rauhut, Alexander M. Heyng, Adriana López-Arbarello, Andreas Hecker

Gavialis from the Pleistocene of Thailand and Its Relevance for Drainage Connections from India to Java

Jeremy E. Martin, Eric Buffetaut, Wilailuck Naksri, Komsorn Lauprasert, Julien Claude

Abdominal Contents from Two Large Early Cretaceous Compsognathids (Dinosauria: Theropoda) Demonstrate Feeding on Confuciusornithids and Dromaeosaurids

Lida Xing, Phil R. Bell, W. Scott Persons IV, Shuan Ji, Tetsuto Miyashita, Michael E. Burns, Qiang Ji, Philip J. Currie

A New Non-Pterodactyloid Pterosaur from the Late Jurassic of Southern Germany

David W. E. Hone, Helmut Tischlinger, Eberhard Frey, Martin Röper

A New Crested Pterosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Spain: The First European Tapejarid (Pterodactyloidea: Azhdarchoidea)

Romain Vullo, Jesús Marugán-Lobón, Alexander W. A. Kellner, Angela D. Buscalioni, Bernard Gomez, Montserrat de la Fuente, José J. Moratalla

New Forearm Elements Discovered of Holotype Specimen Australovenator wintonensis from Winton, Queensland, Australia

Matt A. White, Alex G. Cook, Scott A. Hocknull, Trish Sloan, George H. K. Sinapius, David A. Elliott

The Completeness of the Fossil Record of Mesozoic Birds: Implications for Early Avian Evolution

Neil Brocklehurst, Paul Upchurch, Philip D. Mannion, Jingmai O'Connor

A New Saurolophine Dinosaur from the Latest Cretaceous of Far Eastern Russia

Pascal Godefroit, Yuri L. Bolotsky, Pascaline Lauters

Flexibility along the Neck of the Neogene Terror Bird Andalgalornis steulleti (Aves Phorusrhacidae)

Claudia P. Tambussi, Ricardo de Mendoza, Federico J. Degrange, Mariana B. Picasso

Limb-Bone Scaling Indicates Diverse Stance and Gait in Quadrupedal Ornithischian Dinosaurs

Susannah C. R. Maidment, Deborah H. Linton, Paul Upchurch, Paul M. Barrett

Modified Laminar Bone in Ampelosaurus atacis and Other Titanosaurs (Sauropoda): Implications for Life History and Physiology

Nicole Klein, P. Martin Sander, Koen Stein, Jean Le Loeuff, Jose L. Carballido, Eric Buffetaut

Cranial Pathologies in a Specimen of Pachycephalosaurus

Joseph E. Peterson, Christopher P. Vittore

Insights into the Ecology and Evolutionary Success of Crocodilians Revealed through Bite-Force and Tooth-Pressure Experimentation

Gregory M. Erickson, Paul M. Gignac, Scott J. Steppan, A. Kristopher Lappin, Kent A. Vliet, John D. Brueggen, Brian D. Inouye, David Kledzik, Grahame J. W. Webb

Controls on Gut Phosphatisation: The Trilobites from the Weeks Formation Lagerstätte (Cambrian; Utah)

Rudy Lerosey-Aubril, Thomas A. Hegna, Carlo Kier, Enrico Bonino, Jörg Habersetzer, Matthieu Carré

The Braincase of the Basal Sauropod Dinosaur Spinophorosaurus and 3D Reconstructions of the Cranial Endocast and Inner Ear

Fabien Knoll, Lawrence M. Witmer, Francisco Ortega, Ryan C. Ridgely, Daniela Schwarz-Wings

Evidence for a Grooming Claw in a North American Adapiform Primate: Implications for Anthropoid Origins

Stephanie Maiolino, Doug M. Boyer, Jonathan I. Bloch, Christopher C. Gilbert, Joseph Groenke

Cretaceous Small Scavengers: Feeding Traces in Tetrapod Bones from Patagonia, Argentina

Silvina de Valais, Sebastián Apesteguía, Alberto C. Garrido

New Ophthalmosaurid Ichthyosaurs from the European Lower Cretaceous Demonstrate Extensive Ichthyosaur Survival across the Jurassic–Cretaceous Boundary

Valentin Fischer, Michael W. Maisch, Darren Naish, Ralf Kosma, Jeff Liston, Ulrich Joger, Fritz J. Krüger, Judith Pardo Pérez, Jessica Tainsh, Robert M. Appleby

Cryptic Diversity of African Tigerfish (Genus Hydrocynus) Reveals Palaeogeographic Signatures of Linked Neogene Geotectonic Events

Sarah A. M. Goodier, Fenton P. D. Cotterill, Colleen O'Ryan, Paul H. Skelton, Maarten J. de Wit

The Predatory Ecology of Deinonychus and the Origin of Flapping in Birds

Denver W. Fowler, Elizabeth A. Freedman, John B. Scannella, Robert E. Kambic

Sabretoothed Carnivores and the Killing of Large Prey

Ki Andersson, David Norman, Lars Werdelin

The Sail-Backed Reptile Ctenosauriscus from the Latest Early Triassic of Germany and the Timing and Biogeography of the Early Archosaur Radiation

Richard J. Butler, Stephen L. Brusatte, Mike Reich, Sterling J. Nesbitt, Rainer R. Schoch, Jahn J. Hornung

Morphological and Geochemical Evidence of Eumelanin Preservation in the Feathers of the Early Cretaceous Bird, Gansus yumenensis

Holly E. Barden, Roy A. Wogelius, Daqing Li, Phillip L. Manning, Nicholas P. Edwards, Bart E. van Dongen

Oldest Known Pantherine Skull and Evolution of the Tiger

Ji H. Mazák, Per Christiansen, Andrew C. Kitchener

A New Troodontid Theropod, Talos sampsoni gen. et sp. nov., from the Upper Cretaceous Western Interior Basin of North America

Lindsay E. Zanno, David J. Varricchio, Patrick M. O'Connor, Alan L. Titus, Michael J. Knell

Growth Dynamics of Australia's Polar Dinosaurs

Holly N. Woodward, Thomas H. Rich, Anusuya Chinsamy, Patricia Vickers-Rich

A 33,000-Year-Old Incipient Dog from the Altai Mountains of Siberia: Evidence of the Earliest Domestication Disrupted by the Last Glacial Maximum

Nikolai D. Ovodov, Susan J. Crockford, Yaroslav V. Kuzmin, Thomas F. G. Higham, Gregory W. L. Hodgins, Johannes van der Plicht

A New Mechanistic Scenario for the Origin and Evolution of Vertebrate Cartilage

Maria Cattell, Su Lai, Robert Cerny, Daniel Meulemans Medeiros

Reanalysis of “Raptorex kriegsteini”: A Juvenile Tyrannosaurid Dinosaur from Mongolia

Denver W. Fowler, Holly N. Woodward, Elizabeth A. Freedman, Peter L. Larson, John R. Horner

Oldest Known Eucalyptus Macrofossils Are from South America

María A. Gandolfo, Elizabeth J. Hermsen, María C. Zamaloa, Kevin C. Nixon, Cynthia C. González, Peter Wilf, N. Rubén Cúneo, Kirk R. Johnson

Dinosaur Peptides Suggest Mechanisms of Protein Survival

James D. San Antonio, Mary H. Schweitzer, Shane T. Jensen, Raghu Kalluri, Michael Buckley, Joseph P. R. O. Orgel

Microspectroscopic Evidence of Cretaceous Bone Proteins

Johan Lindgren, Per Uvdal, Anders Engdahl, Andrew H. Lee, Carl Alwmark, Karl-Erik Bergquist, Einar Nilsson, Peter Ekström, Magnus Rasmussen, Desirée A. Douglas, Michael J. Polcyn, Louis L. Jacobs

First Hominoid from the Late Miocene of the Irrawaddy Formation (Myanmar)

Jean-Jacques Jaeger, Aung Naing Soe, Olivier Chavasseau, Pauline Coster, Edouard-Georges Emonet, Franck Guy, Renaud Lebrun, Aye Maung, Aung Aung Khyaw, Hla Shwe, Soe Thura Tun, Kyaw Linn Oo, Mana Rugbumrung, Hervé Bocherens, Mouloud Benammi, Kamol Chaivanich, Paul Tafforeau, Yaowalak Chaimanee

On the Origin and Trigger of the Notothenioid Adaptive Radiation

Michael Matschiner, Reinhold Hanel, Walter Salzburger

Ancient DNA Suggests Dwarf and ‘Giant’ Emu Are Conspecific

Tim H. Heupink, Leon Huynen, David M. Lambert

Hystricognathy vs Sciurognathy in the Rodent Jaw: A New Morphometric Assessment of Hystricognathy Applied to the Living Fossil Laonastes (Diatomyidae)

Lionel Hautier, Renaud Lebrun, Soonchan Saksiri, Jacques Michaux, Monique Vianey-Liaud, Laurent Marivaux

Molar Macrowear Reveals Neanderthal Eco-Geographic Dietary Variation

Luca Fiorenza, Stefano Benazzi, Jeremy Tausch, Ottmar Kullmer, Timothy G. Bromage, Friedemann Schrenk

A Nomenclature for Vertebral Fossae in Sauropods and Other Saurischian Dinosaurs

Jeffrey A. Wilson, Michael D. D'Emic, Takehito Ikejiri, Emile M. Moacdieh, John A. Whitlock

Didactyl Tracks of Paravian Theropods (Maniraptora) from the ?Middle Jurassic of Africa

Alexander Mudroch, Ute Richter, Ulrich Joger, Ralf Kosma, Oumarou Idé, Abdoulaye Maga

A Complete Skull of an Early Cretaceous Sauropod and the Evolution of Advanced Titanosaurians

Hussam Zaher, Diego Pol, Alberto B. Carvalho, Paulo M. Nascimento, Claudio Riccomini, Peter Larson, Rubén Juarez-Valieri, Ricardo Pires-Domingues, Nelson Jorge da Silva Jr., Diógenes de Almeida Campos

Profiling the Dead: Generating Microsatellite Data from Fossil Bones of Extinct Megafauna—Protocols, Problems, and Prospects

Morten E. Allentoft, Charlotte Oskam, Jayne Houston, Marie L. Hale, M. Thomas P Gilbert, Morten Rasmussen, Peter Spencer, Christopher Jacomb, Eske Willerslev, Richard N. Holdaway, Michael Bunce

Ancient DNA of the Extinct Lava Shearwater (Puffinus olsoni) from the Canary Islands Reveals Incipient Differentiation within the P. puffinus Complex

Oscar Ramirez, Juan Carlos Illera, Juan Carlos Rando, Jacob Gonzalez-Solis, Josep Antoni Alcover, Carles Lalueza-Fox

Differential Extinction and the Contrasting Structure of Polar Marine Faunas

Andrew Z. Krug, David Jablonski, Kaustuv Roy, Alan G. Beu

A New Troodontid Theropod Dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Utah

Phil Senter, James I. Kirkland, John Bird, Jeff A. Bartlett

New Basal Iguanodonts from the Cedar Mountain Formation of Utah and the Evolution of Thumb-Spiked Dinosaurs

Andrew T. McDonald, James I. Kirkland, Donald D. DeBlieux, Scott K. Madsen, Jennifer Cavin, Andrew R. C. Milner, Lukas Panzarin

Re-Evaluation of Sinocastor (Rodentia: Castoridae) with Implications on the Origin of Modern Beavers

Natalia Rybczynski, Elizabeth M. Ross, Joshua X. Samuels, William W. Korth

Cannibalism in Tyrannosaurus rex

Nicholas R. Longrich, John R. Horner, Gregory M. Erickson, Philip J. Currie

Spondarthritis in the Triassic

Juan Carlos Cisneros, Uiara Gomes Cabral, Frikkie de Beer, Ross Damiani, Daniel Costa Fortier

Tiny Sea Anemone from the Lower Cambrian of China

Jian Han, Shin Kubota, Hiro-omi Uchida, George D. Stanley Jr., Xiaoyong Yao, Degan Shu, Yong Li, Kinya Yasui

New Horned Dinosaurs from Utah Provide Evidence for Intracontinental Dinosaur Endemism

Scott D. Sampson, Mark A. Loewen, Andrew A. Farke, Eric M. Roberts, Catherine A. Forster, Joshua A. Smith, Alan L. Titus

Mechanical Analysis of Feeding Behavior in the Extinct “Terror Bird” Andalgalornis steulleti (Gruiformes: Phorusrhacidae)

Federico J. Degrange, Claudia P. Tambussi, Karen Moreno, Lawrence M. Witmer, Stephen Wroe

Convergent Evolution in Aquatic Tetrapods: Insights from an Exceptional Fossil Mosasaur

Johan Lindgren, Michael W. Caldwell, Takuya Konishi, Luis M. Chiappe

Evolutionary Trends of the Pharyngeal Dentition in Cypriniformes (Actinopterygii: Ostariophysi)

Emmanuel Pasco-Viel, Cyril Charles, Pascale Chevret, Marie Semon, Paul Tafforeau, Laurent Viriot, Vincent Laudet

A New Pterosaur (Pterodactyloidea: Azhdarchidae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Morocco

Nizar Ibrahim, David M. Unwin, David M. Martill, Lahssen Baidder, Samir Zouhri

Ancient Nursery Area for the Extinct Giant Shark Megalodon from the Miocene of Panama

Catalina Pimiento, Dana J. Ehret, Bruce J. MacFadden, Gordon Hubbell

3-D Modelling of Megaloolithid Clutches: Insights about Nest Construction and Dinosaur Behaviour

Bernat Vila, Frankie D. Jackson, Josep Fortuny, Albert G. Sellés, Àngel Galobart

Laetoli Footprints Preserve Earliest Direct Evidence of Human-Like Bipedal Biomechanics

David A. Raichlen, Adam D. Gordon, William E. H. Harcourt-Smith, Adam D. Foster, Wm. Randall Haas Jr

A New Horned Crocodile from the Plio-Pleistocene Hominid Sites at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Christopher A. Brochu, Jackson Njau, Robert J. Blumenschine, Llewellyn D. Densmore

Cranial Anatomy of the Earliest Marsupials and the Origin of Opossums

Inés Horovitz, Thomas Martin, Jonathan Bloch, Sandrine Ladevèze, Cornelia Kurz, Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra

Was Dinosaurian Physiology Inherited by Birds? Reconciling Slow Growth in Archaeopteryx

Gregory M. Erickson, Oliver W. M. Rauhut, Zhonghe Zhou, Alan H. Turner, Brian D. Inouye, Dongyu Hu, Mark A. Norell

Dragon's Paradise Lost: Palaeobiogeography, Evolution and Extinction of the Largest-Ever Terrestrial Lizards (Varanidae)

Scott A. Hocknull, Philip J. Piper, Gert D. van den Bergh, Rokus Awe Due, Michael J. Morwood, Iwan Kurniawan

The Origin and Initial Rise of Pelagic Cephalopods in the Ordovician

Björn Kröger, Thomas Servais, Yunbai Zhang

Common Avian Infection Plagued the Tyrant Dinosaurs

Ewan D. S. Wolff, Steven W. Salisbury, John R. Horner, David J. Varricchio

A Mammalian Lost World in Southwest Europe during the Late Pliocene

Alfonso Arribas, Guiomar Garrido, César Viseras, Jesús M. Soria, Sila Pla, José G. Solano, Miguel Garcés, Elisabet Beamud, José S. Carrión

A New Basal Sauropod Dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic of Niger and the Early Evolution of Sauropoda

Kristian Remes, Francisco Ortega, Ignacio Fierro, Ulrich Joger, Ralf Kosma, José Manuel Marín Ferrer, Oumarou Amadou Ide, Abdoulaye Maga , for the Project PALDES, for the Niger Project SNHM

Possible Brucellosis in an Early Hominin Skeleton from Sterkfontein, South Africa

Ruggero D'Anastasio, Bernhard Zipfel, Jacopo Moggi-Cecchi, Roscoe Stanyon, Luigi Capasso

New Mid-Cretaceous (Latest Albian) Dinosaurs from Winton, Queensland, Australia

Scott A. Hocknull, Matt A. White, Travis R. Tischler, Alex G. Cook, Naomi D. Calleja, Trish Sloan, David A. Elliott

The Emergence of Predators in Early Life: There was No Garden of Eden

Silvester de Nooijer, Barbara R. Holland, David Penny

Effects of Global Warming on Ancient Mammalian Communities and Their Environments

Larisa R. G. DeSantis, Robert S. Feranec, Bruce J. MacFadden

Paleogenomics in a Temperate Environment: Shotgun Sequencing from an Extinct Mediterranean Caprine

Oscar Ramírez, Elena Gigli, Pere Bover, Josep Antoni Alcover, Jaume Bertranpetit, Jose Castresana, Carles Lalueza-Fox

Scaling of Soaring Seabirds and Implications for Flight Abilities of Giant Pterosaurs

Katsufumi Sato, Kentaro Q. Sakamoto, Yutaka Watanuki, Akinori Takahashi, Nobuhiro Katsumata, Charles-André Bost, Henri Weimerskirch

Modern Subsurface Bacteria in Pristine 2.7 Ga-Old Fossil Stromatolite Drillcore Samples from the Fortescue Group, Western Australia

Emmanuelle Gérard, David Moreira, Pascal Philippot, Martin J. Van Kranendonk, Purificación López-García

Bird-Like Anatomy, Posture, and Behavior Revealed by an Early Jurassic Theropod Dinosaur Resting Trace

Andrew R. C. Milner, Jerald D. Harris, Martin G. Lockley, James I. Kirkland, Neffra A. Matthews

Estimating Mass Properties of Dinosaurs Using Laser Imaging and 3D Computer Modelling

Karl T. Bates, Phillip L. Manning, David Hodgetts, William I. Sellers

Respiratory Evolution Facilitated the Origin of Pterosaur Flight and Aerial Gigantism

Leon P. A. M. Claessens, Patrick M. O'Connor, David M. Unwin

Climate Change and Trophic Response of the Antarctic Bottom Fauna

Richard B. Aronson, Ryan M. Moody, Linda C. Ivany, Daniel B. Blake, John E. Werner, Alexander Glass

New Protocetid Whale from the Middle Eocene of Pakistan: Birth on Land, Precocial Development, and Sexual Dimorphism

Philip D. Gingerich, Munir ul-Haq, Wighart von Koenigswald, William J. Sanders, B. Holly Smith, Iyad S. Zalmout

Evidence of Combat in Triceratops

Andrew A. Farke, Ewan D. S. Wolff, Darren H. Tanke

Mosaic Convergence of Rodent Dentitions

Vincent Lazzari, Cyril Charles, Paul Tafforeau, Monique Vianey-Liaud, Jean-Pierre Aguilar, Jean-Jacques Jaeger, Jacques Michaux, Laurent Viriot

New Insight into the Colonization Processes of Common Voles: Inferences from Molecular and Fossil Evidence

Christelle Tougard, Elodie Renvoisé, Amélie Petitjean, Jean-Pierre Quéré

The Evolution of HoxD-11 Expression in the Bird Wing: Insights from Alligator mississippiensis

Alexander O. Vargas, Tiana Kohlsdorf, John F. Fallon, John VandenBrooks, Günter P. Wagner

Evidence for Avian Intrathoracic Air Sacs in a New Predatory Dinosaur from Argentina

Paul C. Sereno, Ricardo N. Martinez, Jeffrey A. Wilson, David J. Varricchio, Oscar A. Alcober, Hans C. E. Larsson

Light-Dependant Biostabilisation of Sediments by Stromatolite Assemblages

David M. Paterson, Rebecca J. Aspden, Pieter T. Visscher, Mireille Consalvey, Miriam S. Andres, Alan W. Decho, John Stolz, R. Pamela Reid

Dinosaurian Soft Tissues Interpreted as Bacterial Biofilms

Thomas G. Kaye, Gary Gaugler, Zbigniew Sawlowicz

First Dinosaur Tracks from the Arabian Peninsula

Anne S. Schulp, Mohammed Al-Wosabi, Nancy J. Stevens

Timing and Tempo of Early and Successive Adaptive Radiations in Macaronesia

Seung-Chul Kim, Michael R. McGowen, Pesach Lubinsky, Janet C. Barber, Mark E. Mort, Arnoldo Santos-Guerra

Australia's Oldest Marsupial Fossils and their Biogeographical Implications

Robin M. D. Beck, Henk Godthelp, Vera Weisbecker, Michael Archer, Suzanne J. Hand

Seed Dispersal Anachronisms: Rethinking the Fruits Extinct Megafauna Ate

Paulo R. Guimarães Jr., Mauro Galetti, Pedro Jordano

The Effect of Inappropriate Calibration: Three Case Studies in Molecular Ecology

Simon Y. W. Ho, Urmas Saarma, Ross Barnett, James Haile, Beth Shapiro

Structural Extremes in a Cretaceous Dinosaur

Paul C. Sereno, Jeffrey A. Wilson, Lawrence M. Witmer, John A. Whitlock, Abdoulaye Maga, Oumarou Ide, Timothy A. Rowe

Exceptionally Preserved Jellyfishes from the Middle Cambrian

Paulyn Cartwright, Susan L. Halgedahl, Jonathan R. Hendricks, Richard D. Jarrard, Antonio C. Marques, Allen G. Collins, Bruce S. Lieberman