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Table of Contents: PLoS ONE: Marine Biodiversity and Biogeography - Regional Comparisons of Global Issues

COVER

Image Credit: Mike Strong and Maria-Ines Buzeta
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Through a global network of researchers in more than 80 nations, the Census of Marine Life (2000-2010) has engaged in a coordinated scientific program to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of life in the oceans. One approach was a review of the known with a discussion of the unknown. As part of this effort, participating nations and regions generated new syntheses of marine biodiversity knowledge in their adjacent waters. These summaries are collected here. Each paper describes the physical, geological, chemical, and biological characteristics of the region, provides a brief history of research and species discovery, and gives insight into the role of Census activities in promoting and synthesizing this information. These articles bring together teams of regional experts to identify strengths and gaps in taxonomic capacity and ecological knowledge, potential focal areas for biodiversity research, and threats to marine biodiversity that span fishing disturbance, habitat destruction, invasive species, pollutants, and climate change. They provide species inventories and document patterns of endemism within different taxa, and they identify biogeographic regions and taxonomic groups with the greatest potential to yield new discovery. Individually these articles provide insights that can reveal regional needs and promising directions for future research; collectively they establish a baseline for further global assessments and identify mechanisms for future international collaboration. The collection includes two overview articles: an introduction (O'Dor et al.) and a global synthesis (Costello et al.) of the national and regional articles that follow.

Articles are presented in order of publication date, and new articles will be added to the collection as they are published.

Collection Citation: PLoS ONE: Marine Biodiversity and Biogeography – Regional Comparisons of Global Issues (2010) PLoS Collections: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/issue.pcol.v02.i09

Overviews

A Census of Marine Biodiversity Knowledge, Resources, and Future Challenges

Mark John Costello, Marta Coll, Roberto Danovaro, Pat Halpin, Henn Ojaveer, Patricia Miloslavich

Reviews

Marine Biodiversity in the Australian Region

Alan J. Butler, Tony Rees, Pam Beesley, Nicholas J. Bax

Marine Biodiversity of Aotearoa New Zealand

Dennis P. Gordon, Jennifer Beaumont, Alison MacDiarmid, Donald A. Robertson, Shane T. Ahyong

Marine Biodiversity in Japanese Waters

Katsunori Fujikura, Dhugal Lindsay, Hiroshi Kitazato, Shuhei Nishida, Yoshihisa Shirayama

Deep-Sea Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea: The Known, the Unknown, and the Unknowable

Roberto Danovaro, Joan Batista Company, Cinzia Corinaldesi, Gianfranco D'Onghia, Bella Galil, Cristina Gambi, Andrew J. Gooday, Nikolaos Lampadariou, Gian Marco Luna, Caterina Morigi, Karine Olu, Paraskevi Polymenakou, Eva Ramirez-Llodra, Anna Sabbatini, Francesc Sardà, Myriam Sibuet, Anastasios Tselepides

The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats

Marta Coll, Chiara Piroddi, Jeroen Steenbeek, Kristin Kaschner, Frida Ben Rais Lasram, Jacopo Aguzzi, Enric Ballesteros, Carlo Nike Bianchi, Jordi Corbera, Thanos Dailianis, Roberto Danovaro, Marta Estrada, Carlo Froglia, Bella S. Galil, Josep M. Gasol, Ruthy Gertwagen, João Gil, François Guilhaumon, Kathleen Kesner-Reyes, Miltiadis-Spyridon Kitsos, Athanasios Koukouras, Nikolaos Lampadariou, Elijah Laxamana, Carlos M. López-Fé de la Cuadra, Heike K. Lotze, Daniel Martin, David Mouillot, Daniel Oro, Saša Raicevich, Josephine Rius-Barile, Jose Ignacio Saiz-Salinas, Carles San Vicente, Samuel Somot, José Templado, Xavier Turon, Dimitris Vafidis, Roger Villanueva, Eleni Voultsiadou

Marine Biodiversity in the Caribbean: Regional Estimates and Distribution Patterns

Patricia Miloslavich, Juan Manuel Díaz, Eduardo Klein, Juan José Alvarado, Cristina Díaz, Judith Gobin, Elva Escobar-Briones, Juan José Cruz-Motta, Ernesto Weil, Jorge Cortés, Ana Carolina Bastidas, Ross Robertson, Fernando Zapata, Alberto Martín, Julio Castillo, Aniuska Kazandjian, Manuel Ortiz

An Overview of Marine Biodiversity in United States Waters

Daphne Fautin, Penelope Dalton, Lewis S. Incze, Jo-Ann C. Leong, Clarence Pautzke, Andrew Rosenberg, Paul Sandifer, George Sedberry, John W. Tunnell Jr, Isabella Abbott, Russell E. Brainard, Melissa Brodeur, Lucius G. Eldredge, Michael Feldman, Fabio Moretzsohn, Peter S. Vroom, Michelle Wainstein, Nicholas Wolff

Marine Biodiversity in South Africa: An Evaluation of Current States of Knowledge

Charles L. Griffiths, Tamara B. Robinson, Louise Lange, Angela Mead

From Sea to Sea: Canada's Three Oceans of Biodiversity

Philippe Archambault, Paul V. R. Snelgrove, Jonathan A. D. Fisher, Jean-Marc Gagnon, David J. Garbary, Michel Harvey, Ellen L. Kenchington, Véronique Lesage, Mélanie Levesque, Connie Lovejoy, David L. Mackas, Christopher W. McKindsey, John R. Nelson, Pierre Pepin, Laurence Piché, Michel Poulin

Status of Biodiversity in the Baltic Sea

Henn Ojaveer, Andres Jaanus, Brian R. MacKenzie, Georg Martin, Sergej Olenin, Teresa Radziejewska, Irena Telesh, Michael L. Zettler, Anastasija Zaiko

Biodiversity Trends along the Western European Margin

Bhavani E. Narayanaswamy, Paul E. Renaud, Gerard C. A. Duineveld, Jørgen Berge, Marc S. S. Lavaleye, Henning Reiss, Torleiv Brattegard

State of Knowledge of Coastal and Marine Biodiversity of Indian Ocean Countries

Mohideen Wafar, Krishnamurthy Venkataraman, Baban Ingole, Syed Ajmal Khan, Ponnapakkam LokaBharathi

Marine Biodiversity in the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of South America: Knowledge and Gaps

Patricia Miloslavich, Eduardo Klein, Juan M. Díaz, Cristián E. Hernández, Gregorio Bigatti, Lucia Campos, Felipe Artigas, Julio Castillo, Pablo E. Penchaszadeh, Paula E. Neill, Alvar Carranza, María V. Retana, Juan M. Díaz de Astarloa, Mirtha Lewis, Pablo Yorio, María L. Piriz, Diego Rodríguez, Yocie Yoneshigue-Valentin, Luiz Gamboa, Alberto Martín

Four Regional Marine Biodiversity Studies: Approaches and Contributions to Ecosystem-Based Management

Sara L. Ellis, Lewis S. Incze, Peter Lawton, Henn Ojaveer, Brian R. MacKenzie, C. Roland Pitcher, Thomas C. Shirley, Margit Eero, John W. Tunnell Jr, Peter J. Doherty, Brad M. Zeller

Man and the Last Great Wilderness: Human Impact on the Deep Sea

Eva Ramirez-Llodra, Paul A. Tyler, Maria C. Baker, Odd Aksel Bergstad, Malcolm R. Clark, Elva Escobar, Lisa A. Levin, Lenaick Menot, Ashley A. Rowden, Craig R. Smith, Cindy L. Van Dover

Research Articles

Synthesis of Knowledge on Marine Biodiversity in European Seas: From Census to Sustainable Management

Bhavani E. Narayanaswamy, Marta Coll, Roberto Danovaro, Keith Davidson, Henn Ojaveer, Paul E. Renaud

Does Presence of a Mid-Ocean Ridge Enhance Biomass and Biodiversity?

Imants G. Priede, Odd Aksel Bergstad, Peter I. Miller, Michael Vecchione, Andrey Gebruk, Tone Falkenhaug, David S. M. Billett, Jessica Craig, Andrew C. Dale, Mark A. Shields, Gavin H. Tilstone, Tracey T. Sutton, Andrew J. Gooday, Mark E. Inall, Daniel O. B. Jones, Victor Martinez-Vicente, Gui M. Menezes, Tomasz Niedzielski, Þorsteinn Sigurðsson, Nina Rothe, Antonina Rogacheva, Claudia H. S. Alt, Timothy Brand, Richard Abell, Andrew S. Brierley, Nicola J. Cousins, Deborah Crockard, A. Rus Hoelzel, Åge Høines, Tom B. Letessier, Jane F. Read, Tracy Shimmield, Martin J. Cox, John K. Galbraith, John D. M. Gordon, Tammy Horton, Francis Neat, Pascal Lorance