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Table of Contents: Marine Life on Seamounts – The CenSeam Collection

COVER

Image Credit: National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research, New Zealand
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The Census of Marine Life on Seamounts ("CenSeam") was a 5 year research programme carried out under the umbrella of the Census of Marine Life. Its principal goal was to create an international network of scientists to address key research questions about seamounts. Two overarching research themes ultimately evolved:

(1) What factors drive community composition and diversity on seamounts, and how do they differ from other habitat types?

(2) What are the impacts of human activities on seamount community structure and function?

A number of seamount reviews and research compilations were published in 2010 prior to the formal completion of CenSeam, but a lot of research initiated earlier in the programme was still in progress. This collection brings together the latest seamount papers, enabling a wide variety of scientific results to be linked. The collection begins with an Overview paper describing the CenSeam programme, focusing in particular on what worked and what did not work in setting up and running this ambitious international programme. The research papers in the Collection cover a broad range of subjects, demonstrating the diversity of seamount science being undertaken in recent years. They include descriptions of faunal communities from several of the world’s oceans, spanning both pelagic and benthic habitats, invertebrates and fishes, and evaluations of the functional role of seamounts in the wider deep-sea environment. The collection concludes with a Review article that examines some of the main findings of CenSeam and other recent seamount research, and their implications for setting future science priorities alongside developing the best ways to both manage and conserve seamount environments and resources.

Collection citation: PLoS ONE: Marine Life on Seamounts - The CenSeam Collection (2012)

PLoS Collections: www.ploscollections.org/CenSeam

Overview

CenSeam, an International Program on Seamounts within the Census of Marine Life: Achievements and Lessons Learned

Karen I. Stocks, Malcolm R. Clark, Ashley A. Rowden, Mireille Consalvey, Thomas A. Schlacher

Review

Science Priorities for Seamounts: Research Links to Conservation and Management

Malcolm R. Clark, Thomas A. Schlacher, Ashley A. Rowden, Karen I. Stocks, Mireille Consalvey

Research Articles

Deep-Sea Fish Distribution Varies between Seamounts: Results from a Seamount Complex off New Zealand

Dianne M. Tracey, Malcolm R. Clark, Owen F. Anderson, Susan W. Kim

Characterising and Predicting Benthic Biodiversity for Conservation Planning in Deepwater Environments

Piers K. Dunstan, Franziska Althaus, Alan Williams, Nicholas J. Bax

Is There a Seamount Effect on Microbial Community Structure and Biomass? The Case Study of Seine and Sedlo Seamounts (Northeast Atlantic)

Ana Mendonça, Javier Arístegui, Juan Carlos Vilas, Maria Fernanda Montero, Alicia Ojeda, Minerva Espino, Ana Martins

Vertical Distribution and Migration Patterns of Nautilus pompilius

Andrew J. Dunstan, Peter D. Ward, N. Justin Marshall

Characteristics of the Mesophotic Megabenthic Assemblages of the Vercelli Seamount (North Tyrrhenian Sea)

Marzia Bo, Marco Bertolino, Mireno Borghini, Michela Castellano, Anabella Covazzi Harriague, Cristina Gioia Di Camillo, GianPietro Gasparini, Cristina Misic, Paolo Povero, Antonio Pusceddu, Katrin Schroeder, Giorgio Bavestrello

Megafaunal Community Structure of Andaman Seamounts Including the Back-Arc Basin – A Quantitative Exploration from the Indian Ocean

Sabyasachi Sautya, Baban Ingole, Durbar Ray, Sabine Stöhr, Kiranmai Samudrala, K. A. Kamesh Raju, Abhay Mudholkar

Tuna Longline Fishing around West and Central Pacific Seamounts

Telmo Morato, Simon D. Hoyle, Valerie Allain, Simon J. Nicol

Endemicity, Biogeography, Composition, and Community Structure On a Northeast Pacific Seamount

Craig R. McClain, Lonny Lundsten, Micki Ream, James Barry, Andrew DeVogelaere