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Research Article

Extracellular and Mixotrophic Symbiosis in the Whale-Fall Mussel Adipicola pacifica: A Trend in Evolution from Extra- to Intracellular Symbiosis

  • Yoshihiro Fujiwara mail,

    fujiwara@jamstec.go.jp

    Affiliation: Chemo-Ecosystem Evolution Research (ChEER) Team, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan

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  • Masaru Kawato,

    Affiliation: Chemo-Ecosystem Evolution Research (ChEER) Team, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan

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  • Chikayo Noda,

    Affiliation: Keikyu Aburatsubo Marine Park, Miura, Japan

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  • Gin Kinoshita,

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan

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  • Toshiro Yamanaka,

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan

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  • Yuko Fujita,

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan

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  • Katsuyuki Uematsu,

    Affiliation: Department of Technical Services, Marine Work Japan Ltd., Yokosuka, Japan

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  • Jun-Ichi Miyazaki

    Affiliation: Faculty of Education and Human Sciences, University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Japan

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  • Published: July 27, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011808
  • Published in PLOS ONE

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